Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
Everyday soundscapes dynamically engage attention towards target sounds or salient ambient events, with both attentional forms engaging the same fronto-parietal network but in a push-pull competition for limited neural resources.
Cue cells in the medial entorhinal cortex encode visual cues during virtual navigation, supporting the hypothesis that the brain represents visual cue information to error-correct grid cell firing during path-integration.
The reconstruction of a sensorimotor pathway from the olfactory-sensory neurons down to the pre-motor system reveals a descending neuron that plays a critical role in the organization of larval chemotaxis.
Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.