576 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of transposable elements in bdelloid rotifers

    Reuben W Nowell et al.
    An investigation of transposable element evolution in a group of long-term asexual animals shows that many of the predicted effects of asexuality are not observed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain endothelial cell TRPA1 channels initiate neurovascular coupling

    Pratish Thakore et al.
    Activation of TRPA1 channels on cerebral capillary endothelial cells initiates a retrograde signal that propagates and dilates upstream arterioles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Retrograde ERK activation waves drive base-to-apex multicellular flow in murine cochlear duct morphogenesis

    Mamoru Ishii et al.
    Live-cell imaging and mathematical modeling reveal the physical basis of collective cell migration underlying spiral cochlear duct formation during murine inner ear development.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Emergence and diversification of a highly invasive chestnut pathogen lineage across southeastern Europe

    Lea Stauber et al.
    The chestnut blight fungus has successfully established an intermediary, diverse European bridgehead population, giving rise to a highly invasive clonal lineage spreading across southeastern Europe.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Global and local tension measurements in biomimetic skeletal muscle tissues reveals early mechanical homeostasis

    Arne D Hofemeier et al.
    Combining global and local force measurements of reconstituted muscle tissue using a new chamber system that is compatible with high-resolution microscopy shows mechanical homeostasis already within a week.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An interbacterial DNA deaminase toxin directly mutagenizes surviving target populations

    Marcos H de Moraes et al.
    Interbacterial interactions can promote mutagenesis, and possibly adaptation, when intoxicated cells survive exposure to type VI secretion-delivered DNA deaminase toxins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A flagellate-to-amoeboid switch in the closest living relatives of animals

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    The closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellates, switch from a flagellate to an amoeboid phenotype under confinement.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin with hypertrophic cardiac mutation R712L has a decreased working stroke which is rescued by omecamtiv mecarbil

    Aaron Snoberger et al.
    Mechanochemical defects of a β-cardiac myosin mutation that results in severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are reported and the heart failure drug omecamtiv mecarbil rescues these defects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Identification of ligand-specific G protein-coupled receptor states and prediction of downstream efficacy via data-driven modeling

    Oliver Fleetwood et al.
    Ligands with different efficacy profiles shift the free energy landscape of the beta2 adrenergic receptor activation and stabilize diverse active-like states via the switch of microswitches lining an allosteric pathway.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Antimicrobial resistance and COVID-19: Intersections and implications

    Gwenan M Knight et al.
    COVID-19 will have an ongoing impact on antimicrobial resistance acquisition, transmission, and burden, requiring the close attention of researchers globally to generate a complete evidence base for the shifted dynamics.

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