6,826 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 is necessary but mTORC2 and GSK3β are inhibitory for AKT3-induced axon regeneration in the central nervous system

    Linqing Miao et al.
    The kinase AKT acts as a nodal point that coordinates both positive and negative cues to regulate the regeneration of central nervous system axons in adult mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circulating transforming growth factor-β1 facilitates remyelination in the adult central nervous system

    Machika Hamaguchi et al.
    Although central nervous system (CNS) regeneration has been considered to be controlled by CNS microenvironment, CNS injury causes leading to leakage of circulating factors into CNS, which promotes CNS regeneration.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cohesin controls intestinal stem cell identity by maintaining association of Escargot with target promoters

    Aliaksandr Khaminets et al.
    Cohesin-regulated 3D genome conformation controls activity of transcription factor Escargot in intestinal stem cells, prevents premature differentiation into enterocytes and maintains intestinal homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Suppressor of fused controls perinatal expansion and quiescence of future dentate adult neural stem cells

    Hirofumi Noguchi et al.
    Sufu controls dentate gyrus stem cell quiescence by acting as a positive regulator of Shh signaling and loss of Sufu leads to dramatic failure to produce sufficient quiescent stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage mapping identifies molecular and architectural similarities between the larval and adult Drosophila central nervous system

    Haluk Lacin, James W Truman
    Mapping individual neural stem cells to their corresponding embryonic and postembryonic progeny shows that these sets of neurons have profound molecular and anatomical similarities despite building different central nervous systems.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Modularity and determinants of a (bi-)polarization control system from free-living and obligate intracellular bacteria

    Matthieu Bergé et al.
    Common ancestries, activities and structural determinants of a modular (bi-)polarization control system encoded in free-living and obligate intracellular α-proteobacteria, including the rickettsial pathogens, are described.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A protein secreted by the Salmonella type III secretion system controls needle filament assembly

    Junya Kato et al.
    A novel component of type III protein secretion systems involved in the assembly of the secretion machine is reported.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.

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