2,836 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Histidine phosphorylation relieves copper inhibition in the mammalian potassium channel KCa3.1

    Shekhar Srivastava et al.
    The mammalian potassium channel KCa3.1, which is important for T- and B-cell activation, is inhibited by cytoplasmic copper, mediated by a histidine residue (His358) that is phosphorylated to activate the channel.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Developmental variability channels mouse molar evolution

    Luke Hayden et al.
    The nature and extent of developmental variation seen between mouse strains and genetically identical individuals explain why the first upper molar evolves along preferred path in murine rodents.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cap-proximal nucleotides via differential eIF4E binding and alternative promoter usage mediate translational response to energy stress

    Ana Tamarkin-Ben-Harush et al.
    Differential eIF4E binding to transcription initiation nucleotides and alternative promoter usage of eIF1A, PABP and other genes are involved in the response of the translation machinery to energy stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principal cells of the brainstem’s interaural sound level detector are temporal differentiators rather than integrators

    Tom P Franken et al.
    Principal neurons of the brainstem nucleus comparing sound level at the two ears do not have the slow response properties previously attributed to them, but are instead specialized for fast weighing of excitation and inhibition.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A simple regulatory architecture allows learning the statistical structure of a changing environment

    Stefan Landmann et al.
    Minimal modifications of common regulatory circuits can allow bacteria to learn from the past to better predict the future, on a physiological, rather than evolutionary, timescale.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A stochastic multicellular model identifies biological watermarks from disorders in self-organized patterns of phyllotaxis

    Yassin Refahi et al.
    A stochastic model of phyllotaxis can explain the striking irregularities observed in the spiral patterns of plants and predicts that perturbation patterns provide key information about the underlying biochemical mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    CDK9-dependent RNA polymerase II pausing controls transcription initiation

    Saskia Gressel et al.
    CDK9 inhibition in human cells uncovers that Pol II pause duration regulates the frequency of productive transcription initiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    miR-128 regulates neuronal migration, outgrowth and intrinsic excitability via the intellectual disability gene Phf6

    Eleonora Franzoni et al.
    The regulation of Phf6 by miR-128 is a developmental timing mechanism that influences cortical lamination, neuronal morphology and intrinsic excitability.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inhibitor-induced HER2-HER3 heterodimerisation promotes proliferation through a novel dimer interface

    Jeroen Claus et al.
    The clinically approved HER2 inhibitor lapatinib causes HER2 and HER3 kinase domains to dimerise in a non-canonical, symmetric orientation, providing a platform for oligomerisation and predisposing to receptor-driven cell proliferation.

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