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    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution: Of starch and spit

    Mareike C Janiak
    Animals living alongside humans have multiple copies of the gene for alpha-amylase, the enzyme that breaks down starchy foods, and high levels of this protein in their saliva.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank is a dose-dependent regulator of Cav1 calcium current and CREB target expression

    Edward Pym et al.
    Changes in Shank gene dosage alter voltage-activated calcium current and calcium-activated gene expression in a manner that parallels the effects of human Shank copy number variation on psychiatric disease risk.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: How should the applications of genome editing be assessed and regulated?

    Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
    An EASAC working group on genome editing recommends that regulators should focus on specific applications of these new techniques rather than attempting to regulate genome editing itself as a new technology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Science Forum: Considerations when investigating lncRNA function in vivo

    Andrew R Bassett et al.
    We discuss the methods available to understand lncRNA function in vivo, and highlight important considerations that should be taken into account when designing such experiments.
  1. Meta-Research: Tracking the popularity and outcomes of all bioRxiv preprints

    Richard J Abdill, Ran Blekhman
    Data are reported for the monthly number of uploads to and downloads from bioRxiv, and for the number of preprints that are later published in peer-reviewed journals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Gene Regulation: Spreading good news

    Jeffrey A Fawcett, Hideki Innan
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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Role of framework mutations and antibody flexibility in the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies

    Victor Ovchinnikov et al.
    Computer simulations of the evolution of broadly neutralizing antibodies against HIV suggest that non-traditional pathways involving framework mutations which lead initially to increased antibody flexibility do occur, but can be avoided by appropriate vaccine design.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cooperative interactions enable singular olfactory receptor expression in mouse olfactory neurons

    Kevin Monahan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic experiments show that Ebf and Lhx2 cooperate to specify olfactory receptor enhancers, which cooperate to drive olfactory receptor expression.