271 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient external force induces phenotypic reversion of malignant epithelial structures via nitric oxide signaling

    Benjamin L Ricca et al.
    In a 3D culture model of breast epithelium, application of a short-timescale compression to single malignant cells promotes the long-timescale development of polarized, growth-arrested structures.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Directional selectivity of afferent neurons in zebrafish neuromasts is regulated by Emx2 in presynaptic hair cells

    Young Rae Ji et al.
    Emx2 mediates the directional selectivity of neuromasts by regulating hair bundle orientation in hair cells, and by selecting afferent neuronal targets.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A single, continuous metric to define tiered serum neutralization potency against HIV

    Peter Hraber et al.
    To quantify serum or antibody activity against HIV-1, logistic regression of single-dilution neutralization outcomes can efficiently summarize neutralization potency and indicate which samples may lack sufficient statistical support, for high-throughput screening in large-scale vaccine trials.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct modulation of aberrant brain network connectivity through real-time NeuroFeedback

    Michal Ramot et al.
    Many disorders are characterized by underlying abnormalities in network connectivity which, though difficult to address with explicit training procedures, can be directly targeted through covert neurofeedback.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Multisite dependency of an E3 ligase controls monoubiquitylation-dependent cell fate decisions

    Achim Werner et al.
    Simultaneous phosphorylation of multiple substrate motifs drives switch-like target recognition and monoubiquitylation by an E3 ligase during metazoan development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tenectin recruits integrin to stabilize bouton architecture and regulate vesicle release at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction

    Qi Wang et al.
    Characterization of Tnc as a selective integrin ligand at the Drosophila NMJ allows for unprecedented insights into our understanding of extracellular matrix/integrin interactions at synaptic locations and reveals novel, distinct presynaptic and postsynaptic integrin functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel perivascular cell population in the zebrafish brain

    Marina Venero Galanternik et al.
    A new brain perivascular cell type in the zebrafish related to mammalian Fluorescent Granular Perithelial (FGP) cells emerges directly from endothelium during early development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aneuploidy as a cause of impaired chromatin silencing and mating-type specification in budding yeast

    Wahid A Mulla et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that purely quantitative changes in the relative copy number of chromosomes can be sufficient to disrupt the epigenetic mechanisms that define the cells' differentiated state.

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