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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Competing basal ganglia pathways determine the difference between stopping and deciding not to go

    Kyle Dunovan et al.
    A model based on the architecture of basal ganglia and validated with behavior and neuroimaging distinguishes mechanisms of action cancellation from no-go decisions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tuning movement for sensing in an uncertain world

    Chen Chen et al.
    Animals work in a world full of surprises, where using energy to position sensors proportional to the location's expected information avoids the pitfalls of positioning them at the information maxima.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite changes in APP processing and human Aβ levels in rats carrying either a protective or a pathogenic APP mutation

    Marc D Tambini et al.
    APP mutations that either cause or prevent dementia alter APP metabolism in a complex and opposite fashion, suggesting a link between multiple APP processing events, dementia and ageing-dependent cognitive decline.
  1. Meta-Research: The growth of acronyms in the scientific literature

    Adrian Barnett, Zoe Doubleday
    A study of 24 million articles has revealed that scientists have created more than 1 million acronyms since 1950, most of which have been used fewer than 10 times.
  2. Research: The readability of scientific texts is decreasing over time

    Pontus Plavén-Sigray et al.
    Scientific abstracts have become less readable over the past 130 years, in part because recent texts include more general scientific jargon than older texts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Point of View: How open science helps researchers succeed

    Erin C McKiernan et al.
    Open research practices bring significant benefits to researchers.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Meta-Research: Use of the Journal Impact Factor in academic review, promotion, and tenure evaluations

    Erin C McKiernan et al.
    Almost a quarter of faculty evaluation documents from US and Canadian universities mention Journal Impact Factor and often imply that it measures research quality.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.