501 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    p27Kip1 promotes invadopodia turnover and invasion through the regulation of the PAK1/Cortactin pathway

    Pauline Jeannot et al.
    p27Kip1 directly controls invadopodia turnover by promoting the interaction of PAK1 with Cortactin, which induces Cortactin phosphorylation, invadopodia disassembly and facilitates invasion through extracellular matrix.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of synergistic activation of Arp2/3 complex by cortactin and N-WASP

    Luke A Helgeson, Brad J Nolen
    Single-molecule TIRF microscopy, biochemical assays and mathematical modeling demonstrate how actin-branch nucleation by the Arp2/3 complex is coordinately regulated by two biochemically distinct activators.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Adrenergic activation modulates the signal from the Reissner fiber to cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neurons during development

    Yasmine Cantaut-Belarif et al.
    The Reissner fiber in the cerebrospinal fluid is required for a signal integrated by developing sensory neurons and modulated by catecholamines to control the embryo posterior axis morphogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell niche exit in C. elegans via orientation and segregation of daughter cells by a cryptic cell outside the niche

    Kacy L Gordon et al.
    A previously undetected dynamic cell structure orients the mitotic spindle of germ stem cells and grows over one daughter cell, thus helping to balance niche retention with niche exit.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clarinet (CLA-1), a novel active zone protein required for synaptic vesicle clustering and release

    Zhao Xuan et al.
    Clarinet, a novel C. elegans active zone protein with homology to vertebrate Piccolo and Rim, uses its different isoforms for diverse functions, including synaptic vesicle clustering, vesicle release and synaptogenesis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Arginine methylation of SHANK2 by PRMT7 promotes human breast cancer metastasis through activating endosomal FAK signalling

    Yingqi Liu et al.
    PRMT7-mediated SHANK2 methylation regulates breast cancer metastasis by activating endosomal FAK signals, and may provide potential clues for tumour metastasis treatment strategies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Combinatorial deployment of F-actin regulators to build complex 3D actin structures in vivo

    Yi Xie et al.
    Phasic microfilament behaviors of the growth and stabilization of cortical actin caps are driven by distinct combinations of actin regulatory proteins, which display features of a deep competition for G-actin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    Diagnostically relevant facial gestalt information from ordinary photos

    Quentin Ferry et al.
    An automatic computer vision analysis approach can assist in the diagnosis of rare genetic disorders by using ordinary photographs of patients.

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