6,514 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical RORβ is required for layer 4 transcriptional identity and barrel integrity

    Erin A Clark et al.
    RORβ is a key layer 4 transcription factor orchestrating a critical juncture in barrel development where terminal differentiation and activity inputs are integrated to drive cellular organization in the cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    More homogeneous capillary flow and oxygenation in deeper cortical layers correlate with increased oxygen extraction

    Baoqiang Li et al.
    Resting-state capillary blood flow and oxygenation are more homogeneous in the deeper cortical layers, underpinning an important mechanism by which the microvascular network adapts to an increased local oxidative metabolism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layer-specific chromatin accessibility landscapes reveal regulatory networks in adult mouse visual cortex

    Lucas T Gray et al.
    ATAC-seq, transcriptomics, and transcription factor motif searches collaborate to build a network that regulates gene expression in different cortical layers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three-dimensional synaptic organization of the human hippocampal CA1 field

    Marta Montero-Crespo et al.
    Volume electron microscopy reveals the synaptic organization of the neuropil of the human hippocampal CA1 field.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary networks of cortical somatostatin interneurons enforce layer specific control

    Alexander Naka et al.
    Subtypes of dendrite-targeting somatostatin cells segregate into separate networks by specifically connecting with neurons in different layers, forming circuits that could independently control different input pathways to the neocortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific AMPA receptor dynamics following visual deprivation in vivo

    Han L Tan et al.
    Longitudinal imaging of synapses in the brain shows that sensory deprivation differentially modifies specific synapses within individual neurons across distinct layers of the sensory cortex.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct mechanisms regulating mechanical force-induced Ca2+ signals at the plasma membrane and the ER in human MSCs

    Tae-Jin Kim et al.
    Deep penetration and transmission of mechanical force to regulate ER functions depends on not only the passive cytoskeletal support, but also the active actomyosin contractility, which is dispensable for mechanotransduction at the plasma membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback contribution to surface motion perception in the human early visual cortex

    Ingo Marquardt et al.
    Novel evidence for a role of feedback in the perception of uniform surfaces in the human brain suggests that feedback already re-enters at an early visual processing stage.

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