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    1. Neuroscience

    Fast-spiking GABA circuit dynamics in the auditory cortex predict recovery of sensory processing following peripheral nerve damage

    Jennifer Resnik, Daniel B Polley
    Dynamic regulation of feedforward inhibition from parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons is linked to the gradual restoration of cortical sensory processing following auditory nerve damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience during locomotion promotes recovery of function in adult visual cortex

    Megumi Kaneko, Michael P Stryker
    Mice that viewed a visual stimulus whilst running showed recovery of the neuronal responses that had been lost due to early visual deprivation, with potential relevance for amblyopia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    RGS7/Gβ5/R7BP complex regulates synaptic plasticity and memory by modulating hippocampal GABABR-GIRK signaling

    Olga Ostrovskaya et al.
    A critical regulator of inhibitory neurotransmitter signaling in the hippocampus has been identified in experiments on mice and been shown to play essential role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors gate long-term potentiation and synaptic tagging/capture in rat hippocampal area CA2

    Ananya Dasgupta et al.
    Group III metabotropic glutamate receptor inhibition facilitates synaptic plasticity in the plasticity-resistant synapses of hippocampal area CA2, a brain region critical for social memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeted cortical reorganization using optogenetics in non-human primates

    Azadeh Yazdan-Shahmorad et al.
    Focal optogenetic stimulation strengthens functional connectivity between primary somatosensory and motor cortices in macaques, in a manner consistent with a Hebbian model of stimulus-driven plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampus: Getting the full picture

    Alessandro Luchetti et al.
    A combination of old and new techniques have been used to reveal new details about the behavior of individual neurons across the sleep-wake-cycle.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Sex Difference: What does cannabis do to the brain before birth?

    Stefano Musardo, Camilla Bellone
    Being exposed to cannabinoids in the womb has different consequences for male and female rats. .
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    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroplasticity: Exciting experiences make neurons less excitable

    Prakruti Nanda et al.
    Neurons in the brain of a female mouse that respond to the scent of a given male become suppressed after mating.
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