277 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds encodes performance during goal-directed learning

    Jennifer M Achiro et al.
    Activity in cortico-basal ganglia circuits of juvenile songbirds reflects evaluative signals necessary for comparing self-generated behavior to a goal representation during skill learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open cortico-basal ganglia loop allows limbic control over motor output via the nigrothalamic pathway

    Sho Aoki et al.
    A novel connection from ventral striatum to motor cortex enables emotion and motivation to influence action and motor control.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    A corticostriatal deficit promotes temporal distortion of automatic action in ageing

    Miriam Matamales et al.
    Acquisition of behavioral sequences in normally aged mice involves short and unusually fast patterns of action, some of which are reproduced by striatal circuitry manipulations in young mice and can be transitorily restored through action-related feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic reinforcement learning for integrating reward collection and physiological stability

    Mehdi Keramati, Boris Gutkin
    A mathematical model built around the assumption that the desire to maintain internal homeostasis drives the behavior of animals, by affecting their learning processes, can explain many real-world behaviors, including some that might otherwise appear irrational.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor Performance: Acetylcholine in action

    Erin M Wall, Sarah C Woolley
    The neurotransmitter acetylcholine influences how male finches perform courtship songs by acting on a region of the premotor cortex called HVC.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.

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