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    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early dysfunction and progressive degeneration of the subthalamic nucleus in mouse models of Huntington's disease

    Jeremy F Atherton et al.
    In mouse models of Huntington's disease, the subthalamic nucleus, which suppresses movements, also exhibits impaired glutamate homeostasis, NMDA receptor-dependent mitochondrial oxidant stress, firing disruption, and 30% neuronal loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct mechanisms mediate speed-accuracy adjustments in cortico-subthalamic networks

    Damian M Herz et al.
    Dynamic changes in activity and connectivity of the human subthalamic nucleus reflect whether a decision will be made in haste or with caution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism for the topographic alignment of convergent neural maps

    Elise Savier et al.
    Retinal ephrin-As gradients provide positional information, through retino-collicular map in the superior colliculus, for topographic alignment of cortico-collicular projections.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for descending auditory cortical projections in songbird vocal learning

    Yael Mandelblat-Cerf et al.
    Midbrain dopaminergic neurons and a cortex-like structure called the arcopallium form part of a circuit that enables young songbirds to compare their own song with a template stored in memory, and use any discrepancies to improve their performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making

    Shinae Kwak, Min Whan Jung
    The direct and indirect pathways of the dorsal striatum play indispensable roles in value-dependent action selection and value learning, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct effects of prefrontal and parietal cortex inactivations on an accumulation of evidence task in the rat

    Jeffrey C Erlich et al.
    Quantitative modeling of inactivations shows the prefrontal cortex (but not parietal cortex) of the rat is obligatory for decisions guided by evidence accumulating longer than 240 ms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different contributions of preparatory activity in the basal ganglia and cerebellum for self-timing

    Jun Kunimatsu et al.
    Neuronal activity in the striatum keeps track of elapsed time during the time production task while that in the cerebellum correlates with stochastic variation of self-timing in the range of several hundreds of milliseconds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human subthalamic nucleus activity during non-motor decision making

    Baltazar A Zavala et al.
    Intraoperative human brain recordings during a memory task reveal that when participants inhibit memory formation, the subthalamic nucleus shows higher beta power and beta coherence with areas of the lateral cortex implicated in memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuromodulation of excitatory synaptogenesis in striatal development

    Yevgenia Kozorovitskiy et al.
    Protein kinase A regulates the rapid, activity-dependent genesis of excitatory synapses during striatal development.