28 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning speed and detection sensitivity controlled by distinct cortico-fugal neurons in visual cortex

    Sarah Ruediger, Massimo Scanziani
    Neural pathways from mammalian visual cortex to ancestral brain structures control learning speed and performance of a simple detection task.
    1. Cell Biology

    The AP-2 complex has a specialized clathrin-independent role in apical endocytosis and polar growth in fungi

    Olga Martzoukou et al.
    In filamentous fungi the AP-2 complex, which in mammals is an adaptor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, is recruited to specific clathrin-independent apical endocytosis necessary for proper lipid maintenance and polar growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    How cells determine the number of polarity sites

    Jian-geng Chiou et al.
    Minimal essential features of Rho GTPase systems are elucidated that regulate the number of distinct domains developed by a cell’s polarity machinery, which in turn governs cell shape.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology and migration of outer radial glia in developing human cortex

    Madeline G Andrews et al.
    mTOR signaling regulates the morphology of a human-enriched neural stem cell population and thus contributes to the radial architecture of the developing human cortex with implications for neurodevelopmental disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stress-activated MAPK signaling controls fission yeast actomyosin ring integrity by modulating formin For3 levels

    Elisa Gómez-Gil et al.
    Microscopic and biochemical analysis show that the stress-activated MAP kinase pathway targets the formin For3 to modulate actomyosin ring integrity in response to environmental cues.
    1. Neuroscience

    An expanding manifold in transmodal regions characterizes adolescent reconfiguration of structural connectome organization

    Bo-yong Park et al.
    Manifold learning of longitudinal brain network data provides novel insights into adolescent structural connectome maturation, and how multiple scales of cortical and subcortical organization interact in typical neurodevelopment.
    1. Plant Biology

    Spontaneous symbiotic reprogramming of plant roots triggered by receptor-like kinases

    Martina Katharina Ried et al.
    Ectopic expression of Symbiosis Receptor-like Kinase (SYMRK) in roots of the legume Lotus japonicus resulted in spontaneous activation of nodule organogenesis and mycorrhiza-related gene expression in the absence of microbial symbionts or signalling molecules.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genetic transformation of Spizellomyces punctatus, a resource for studying chytrid biology and evolutionary cell biology

    Edgar M Medina et al.
    Spizellomycespunctatusis a genetically tractable chytrid and model organism for comparative cell biology for understanding evolution of the cell cycle, actin dynamics, and cellularization in fungi and early eukaryotes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.

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