12 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential dopaminergic modulation of spontaneous cortico–subthalamic activity in Parkinson’s disease

    Abhinav Sharma et al.
    Dopaminergic medication has differential effects on the discovered electrophysiological networks, which could be used to develop new electrical and pharmacological interventions in Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Working memory gates visual input to primate prefrontal neurons

    Behrad Noudoost et al.
    Visual input to prefrontal cortex preferentially targets neurons with both sensory and motor properties, and the synaptic efficacy of these inputs is facilitated by working memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory corticostriatal pathway

    Crystal Rock et al.
    The discovery of somatostatin-positive inhibitory neurons projecting from mouse cortex to striatum shows that corticostriatal pathways are not exclusively excitatory.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell type composition and circuit organization of clonally related excitatory neurons in the juvenile mouse neocortex

    Cathryn R Cadwell et al.
    Excitatory cortical neurons with a shared developmental lineage are transcriptomically diverse and preferentially connect to each other vertically, across cortical layers, but not laterally within the same layer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrastructural heterogeneity of layer 4 excitatory synaptic boutons in the adult human temporal lobe neocortex

    Rachida Yakoubi et al.
    Neocortical synapses in layer 4 of the human temporal lobe neocortex were quantitatively characterized, at the subcellular level, using high-end, high-resolution electron microscopy and 3D-volume reconstructions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recruitment of inhibition and excitation across mouse visual cortex depends on the hierarchy of interconnecting areas

    Rinaldo David D'Souza et al.
    The relative recruitment of excitatory and inhibitory neurons by cortico-cortical interareal pathways depends on the hierarchy of areas and the laminar location of the neurons.

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