22 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel pathways for sound processing and functional connectivity among layer 5 and 6 auditory corticofugal neurons

    Ross S Williamson, Daniel B Polley
    Targeted recordings from subcortical projection neurons in the auditory cortex reveal two cell classes with distinct signatures of sensory processing and different patterns of local and long-range connectivity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cannabinoid-induced actomyosin contractility shapes neuronal morphology and growth

    Alexandre B Roland et al.
    Cannabinoids inhibit neuronal expansion and growth through the rapid contraction of actomyosin.
    1. Neuroscience

    The corticospinal tract primarily modulates sensory inputs in the mouse lumbar cord

    Yunuen Moreno-Lopez et al.
    While the corticospinal tract is often considered exclusively as a motor path, a combination of intersectional viral strategy and in vivo electrophysiology reveals that, in the mouse lumbar cord, its main role is the modulation of sensory inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory corticostriatal pathway

    Crystal Rock et al.
    The discovery of somatostatin-positive inhibitory neurons projecting from mouse cortex to striatum shows that corticostriatal pathways are not exclusively excitatory.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Layer specific and general requirements for ERK/MAPK signaling in the developing neocortex

    Lei Xing et al.
    Aberrant ERK/MAPK signaling in cortical pyramidal neurons leads to selective disruption of layer 5 circuit development and generalized changes in neuronal excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of cortical control over the descending pain modulatory system determines the development of the neuropathic pain state in rats

    Robert AR Drake et al.
    Alterations to brain network communication leading to a progressive loss in descending inhibitory modulation of the spinal cord is a key determinate of pain state development following peripheral nerve injury.
    1. Neuroscience

    Convergence of pontine and proprioceptive streams onto multimodal cerebellar granule cells

    Cheng-Chiu Huang et al.
    Individual granule cells within the cerebellum-the region of the brain that coordinates movement and supports the learning of new motor skills-receive both sensory and motor input streams: an arrangement that may help the brain to use feedback to fine-tune movement.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layer-specific chromatin accessibility landscapes reveal regulatory networks in adult mouse visual cortex

    Lucas T Gray et al.
    ATAC-seq, transcriptomics, and transcription factor motif searches collaborate to build a network that regulates gene expression in different cortical layers.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Mammalian enhancer trap resource for discovering and manipulating neuronal cell types

    Yasuyuki Shima et al.
    A novel transposon-based enhancer trap screen in mice permits high throughput development of highly restricted driver strains targeting specific neuronal cell types.

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