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20 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Layer specific and general requirements for ERK/MAPK signaling in the developing neocortex

    Lei Xing et al.
    Aberrant ERK/MAPK signaling in cortical pyramidal neurons leads to selective disruption of layer 5 circuit development and generalized changes in neuronal excitability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal cascade of frontal, motor and muscle processes underlying human action-stopping

    Sumitash Jana et al.
    The sequence of neural and physiological processes underlying action-stopping has been delineated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity related to volitional regulation of cortical excitability

    Kathy Ruddy et al.
    Changing brain state using feedback from transcranial magnetic stimulation, by training participants to increase or decrease how excitable their motor pathways are.
    1. Neuroscience

    Systematic examination of low-intensity ultrasound parameters on human motor cortex excitability and behavior

    Anton Fomenko et al.
    Transcranial low-intensity ultrasound applied in block design and at low duty cycles and longer sonication durations can safely and non-invasively suppress human motor-evoked potentials, possibly via GABA-A-mediated inhibitory pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased motor cortex excitability mirrors own hand disembodiment during the rubber hand illusion

    Francesco della Gatta et al.
    An illusion in which individuals feel that their own hand no longer belongs to them may reflect a temporary reduction in the brain’s ability to control the movement of the hand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal manipulation of functional connectivity in a specific neural pathway during behaviour and at rest

    Vanessa M Johnen et al.
    Functional connectivity in the human brain reflects changes in synaptic plasticity induced with repeated paired stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Movement-related coupling of human subthalamic nucleus spikes to cortical gamma

    Petra Fischer et al.
    When coupling between STN spikes and cortical gamma oscillations was strong, subsequent movement was initiated earlier, independent of changes in mean firing rates, demonstrating the importance of relative spike timing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor thalamus supports striatum-driven reinforcement

    Arnaud L Lalive et al.
    While the basal ganglia have long been thought to mediate learning through dopamine-dependent striatal plasticity, their regulation of motor thalamus plays an unexpected and critical role in reinforcement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.

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