1,872 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    A viral protein promotes host SAMS1 activity and ethylene production for the benefit of virus infection

    Shanshan Zhao et al.
    Rice dwarf virus Pns11 protein increases rice susceptibility to virus infection by enhancing OsSAMS1 enzymatic activity and ethylene production.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Tuberculosis innovations mean little if they cannot save lives

    Madhukar Pai, Jennifer Furin
    Ending the TB epidemic requires scaling up access to new TB tools so that they can benefit the patients in low- and middle-income countries that need them the most.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A specific role for serotonin in overcoming effort cost

    Florent Meyniel et al.
    A selective reuptake inhibitor shows a beneficial effect in healthy humans during an effort-benefit tradeoff task, mediated at the computational level by a specific alleviation of effort cost.
    1. Neuroscience

    Capturing the temporal evolution of choice across prefrontal cortex

    Laurence T Hunt et al.
    Experiments in macaques and humans reveal time-varying changes in prefrontal cortex activity that occur during decisions based on costs and benefits.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Can Hamilton’s rule be violated?

    Matthijs van Veelen
    Hamilton's rule can be violated when costs and benefits of cooperation are defined using the counterfactual method, and when they depend on the cooperation of others.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Intrinsic adaptive value and early fate of gene duplication revealed by a bottom-up approach

    Guillermo Rodrigo, Mario A Fares
    Gene duplication is a useful strategy to reduce intrinsic noise in gene expression, which can provide a selective advantage in scenarios of cost-benefit analysis of expression.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fitness benefits in fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella Typhi in the absence of antimicrobial pressure

    Stephen Baker et al.
    The major evolutionary routes to drug resistance in Salmonella Typhi are associated with fitness benefits, not fitness costs, implying that prudent antimicrobial use will have no effect as a public health intervention in controlling typhoid fever.
  1. Scientific Publishing: How early-career researchers are shaping eLife

    Mark Patterson, Randy Schekman
    Journals can benefit from listening to graduate students, postdocs and newly-independent group leaders.
    Editorial
    Available as:
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