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    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    How scent and nectar influence floral antagonists and mutualists

    Danny Kessler et al.
    Floral scent and nectar are highly variable in natural populations and both traits can influence outcrossing rates differently for different pollinators and increase future herbivory.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fitness benefits in fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella Typhi in the absence of antimicrobial pressure

    Stephen Baker et al.
    The major evolutionary routes to drug resistance in Salmonella Typhi are associated with fitness benefits, not fitness costs, implying that prudent antimicrobial use will have no effect as a public health intervention in controlling typhoid fever.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Privatisation rescues function following loss of cooperation

    Sandra Breum Andersen et al.
    A population of pathogenic bacteria is found to respond to the loss of cooperation by privatising an essential function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Bayesian analysis of the association between Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase genotype and survival in tuberculous meningitis

    Laura Whitworth et al.
    In this ideal example of pharmacogenomics, individuals with a common variant in a gene encoding for an inflammatory lipid mediator benefit selectively from standard-of-care anti-inflammatory treatment used for tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Abundant toxin-related genes in the genomes of beneficial symbionts from deep-sea hydrothermal vent mussels

    Lizbeth Sayavedra et al.
    Beneficial symbiotic bacteria encode an exceptional number of toxin-related genes that are all expressed by the symbionts in the host, supporting their key role in host-microbe interactions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of adhesiveness as a social adaptation

    Thomas Garcia et al.
    Mathematical modeling supports a scenario where cell-cell adhesion gradually evolves through natural selection, leading to the emergence of cohesive aggregates in microbial populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for right temporo-parietal junction in signaling moral conflict

    Ignacio Obeso et al.
    Disrupting the right temporo-parietal junction did not change the general motivation to give or adapt behavior to social reputation cues, but specifically reduced the impact of moral-material conflict.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Research Culture: Co-reviewing and ghostwriting by early-career researchers in the peer review of manuscripts

    Gary S McDowell et al.
    Early career researchers commonly peer review manuscripts on behalf of invited reviewers, often without receiving feedback or being named to the journal.