5,944 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of auditory imprinting and structural plasticity by eIF2α

    Gervasio Batista et al.
    Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stochastic resonance mediates the state-dependent effect of periodic stimulation on cortical alpha oscillations

    Jérémie Lefebvre et al.
    Stochastic resonance, triggered by fluctuations in brain state, is found to determine the outcomes of periodic stimulation and how it interacts with brain oscillations.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory experience inversely regulates feedforward and feedback excitation-inhibition ratio in rodent visual cortex

    Nathaniel J Miska et al.
    Sensory deprivation suppresses cortical responsiveness through a selective remodeling of excitatory and inhibitory microcircuit motifs, by simultaneously amplifying feedforward and suppressing feedback excitation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal integration in the adult mouse olfactory bulb is a non-selective addition process

    Jean-Claude Platel et al.
    Adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb is not a turnover system but represents a lifelong neuronal addition mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Binocular matching of thalamocortical and intracortical circuits in the mouse visual cortex

    Yu Gu, Jianhua Cang
    The binocular matching of thalamic inputs to layer 4 cortical neurons initiates before that of intracortical inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory synapse reorganization immediately after critical sensory experience in a vocal learner

    Ziqiang Huang et al.
    Sensory acquisition of a motor target is associated with rapid removal of excitatory synapses and with rapid insertion of inhibitory synapses in the main song control area of songbirds.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    PI3K-Yap activity drives cortical gyrification and hydrocephalus in mice

    Achira Roy et al.
    Embryonic PI3K-Yap activity regulates apical adhesion and proliferation of neural progenitors lining the lateral ventricular surface, to maintain the smooth, non-folded mouse brain and to prevent developmental hydrocephalus.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Longevity is impacted by growth hormone action during early postnatal period

    Liou Y Sun et al.
    Transient hormonal alterations during early critical developmental periods can have a crucial and long-lasting effect on lifespan in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early structural and functional plasticity alterations in a susceptibility period of DYT1 dystonia mouse striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    Structural and functional striatal synaptic plasticity abnormalities occur early in a sensitive developmental period, representing a potential unique endophenotypic traits that increase the risk of manifesting clinical symptoms in DYT1 mutation carriers.

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