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    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Identification of distinct pH- and zeaxanthin-dependent quenching in LHCSR3 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

    Julianne M Troiano et al.
    Light-harvesting complex stress-related is a protein from photosynthetic green algae that prevents damage from sunlight via two distinct conformational processes, which protect against different timescales of solar fluctuations.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Blumenols as shoot markers of root symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Ming Wang et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi-induced hydroxy- and carboxyblumenol C glycosides accumulate in plant shoots and allow for facile high-throughput screening for functional plant-AMF associations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Quantifying the relationship between genetic diversity and population size suggests natural selection cannot explain Lewontin’s Paradox

    Vince Buffalo
    Quantifying the relationship between census sizes and genetic diversity estimates provides insights into whether natural selection can explain the narrow range of diversity between species.
    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis plants perform arithmetic division to prevent starvation at night

    Antonio Scialdone et al.
    Plants implement arithmetic division to optimize use of carbohydrate reserves and thus maintain metabolism and growth at night.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single nucleus sequencing reveals evidence of inter-nucleus recombination in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Eric CH Chen et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi generate nuclear diversity in the dikaryotic life-stage stage via inter-nucleus recombination.
    1. Plant Biology

    A host basal transcription factor is a key component for infection of rice by TALE-carrying bacteria

    Meng Yuan et al.
    Bacteria use the transcription factor binding region of their transcription activator-like effectors to hijack host basal transcription factor to cause rice diseases by activating host susceptibility genes.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein engineering expands the effector recognition profile of a rice NLR immune receptor

    Juan Carlos De la Concepcion et al.
    Structure-led protein engineering can expand the effector recognition profile of plant intracellular NLR immune receptors, providing a proof-of-principle for the development of novel disease resistance mechanisms in plants.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic basis of sRNA quantitative variation analyzed using an experimental population derived from an elite rice hybrid

    Jia Wang et al.
    The expression of small RNAs (or sRNAs) is regulated not only by mRNA expression, but also by their own regulatory elements and by sRNA biogenesis genes.
    1. Plant Biology

    Two NLR immune receptors acquired high-affinity binding to a fungal effector through convergent evolution of their integrated domain

    Aleksandra Białas et al.
    The HMA domains of Pikp-1 and Pikm-1 NLR receptors have convergently evolved to bind AVR-PikD with high affinity through distinct evolutionary and biochemical paths.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plant-Microbe Interactions: Finding phenazine

    Sarah J Wolfson, Libusha Kelly
    Analysis of genetic information from soil samples provides insights into bacteria that help to protect crops from fungal diseases by producing chemicals called phenazines.
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