1,935 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ODELAM, rapid sequence-independent detection of drug resistance in isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Thurston Herricks et al.
    Time-lapse live cell imaging of single Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli growing into small colonies enables their rapid phenotypic characterization including anti-microbial resistance and heteroresistance in clinical isolates.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Translational control of one-carbon metabolism underpins ribosomal protein phenotypes in cell division and longevity

    Nairita Maitra et al.
    Extensive molecular profiling shows how loss of highly similar, paralogous ribosomal proteins lead to distinct phenotypic outputs, through translational control of specific mRNAs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new protocol for single-cell RNA-seq reveals stochastic gene expression during lag phase in budding yeast

    Abbas Jariani et al.
    A new high-throughput method for single-cell RNA-seq in yeast cells shows how stochastic expression of glucose-repressed genes contributes to cell-to-cell differences during adaptation to an environmental change.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell single particle imaging reveals the role of RNA polymerase II in histone H2A.Z eviction

    Anand Ranjan et al.
    Histone variant H2A.Z is deposited near transcription start sites by the chromatin remodeler SWR1 and seems to be removed by RNA polymerase II at an early stage of transcription elongation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational distributions of isolated myosin motor domains encode their mechanochemical properties

    Justin R Porter et al.
    Shifts in the balance between nucleotide-favorable and nucleotide-unfavorable conformations of myosin motors encode duty ratios and ADP release rates, demonstrating the power of an ensemble perspective for uncovering sequence-function relationships.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universally high transcript error rates in bacteria

    Weiyi Li, Michael Lynch
    Fundamental details of the rate and molecular spectrum of transcript errors were revealed in four bacterial species, providing novel insights into transcriptional fidelity and RNA quality-control in prokaryotes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Distinct mitochondrial defects trigger the integrated stress response depending on the metabolic state of the cell

    Eran Mick et al.
    Mitochondrial electron transport chain dysfunction triggers the integrated stress response due to an asparagine deficiency downstream of impaired NADH oxidation in proliferating myoblasts, but not in differentiated myotubes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Activated αIIbβ3 on platelets mediates flow-dependent NETosis via SLC44A2

    Adela Constantinescu-Bercu et al.
    The interaction between activated αIIbβ3 on platelets and SLC44A2 on circulating neutrophils facilitates neutrophil capture and drives flow-dependent NETosis.

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