509 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Chronic optogenetic induction of stress granules is cytotoxic and reveals the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology

    Peipei Zhang et al.
    OptoGranules reveal the function of G3BP1 as a stress granule scaffold and demonstrate that protracted stress granule assembly is sufficient to drive neurodegeneration and the evolution of ALS-FTD pathology.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Automated cryo-EM structure refinement using correlation-driven molecular dynamics

    Maxim Igaev et al.
    Correlation-driven molecular dynamics provides a fully automated and human-bias-free framework for quantitative interpretation of modern cryo-electron microscopy data.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mechanisms of phospholipid activation of the human TPC2 channel

    Ji She et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of human TPC2 channel in the ligand-bound and apo states reveal the structural mechanism of PI(3,5)P2 lipid regulated gating of TPC2.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium Niemann-Pick type C1-related protein is a druggable target required for parasite membrane homeostasis

    Eva S Istvan et al.
    The malaria parasite Niemann-Pick Type C1-related protein is an important new antimalarial target.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architectural principles for Hfq/Crc-mediated regulation of gene expression

    Xue Yuan Pei et al.
    Structural insights show how RNA chaperones cooperate to recognise defined target transcripts and suppress gene expression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The complete structure of the human TFIIH core complex

    Basil J Greber et al.
    The structure of human transcription factor IIH, a critical DNA repair and transcription initiation factor, has been determined by cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The SNAP-25 linker supports fusion intermediates by local lipid interactions

    Ahmed Shaaban et al.
    The SNAP-25 linker acts as a functional component of SNARE complexes, initially facilitating SNARE interactions and later promoting fusion triggering and pore evolution by local membrane contacts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary networks of cortical somatostatin interneurons enforce layer specific control

    Alexander Naka et al.
    Subtypes of dendrite-targeting somatostatin cells segregate into separate networks by specifically connecting with neurons in different layers, forming circuits that could independently control different input pathways to the neocortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Stepwise activation mechanism of the scramblase nhTMEM16 revealed by cryo-EM

    Valeria Kalienkova et al.
    cryo-EM reveals the properties of distinct conformations occupied during activation of the lipid scramblase nhTMEM16 and provides new insights into its interactions with the lipid environment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of the murine lipid scramblase TMEM16F

    Carolina Alvadia et al.
    While activated by a common mechanism, both functions in TMEM16F - lipid scrambling and ion conduction - are likely mediated by alternate protein conformations that are at equilibrium in the ligand-bound state.

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