Experiments reveal mechanisms through which Caenorhabditis elegans zygotes depleted of Aurora A or lacking centrosomes spontaneously establish two posterior PAR-2 domains, one at each pole, in a curvature-dependent manner.
There is a systematic functional organization for curvature representation in area V4 where specific curvatures are encoded by unique values (modules) from the set of systematically represented values.
Par-complex-dependent cell polarity can be cell-autonomously conferred to non-polar Drosophila S2 cells, unveiling temporal patterns toward the cortical localization of Par-complex aggregates that include a meshwork containing unit segments.
The spatial and dynamic properties of self-motion signals are acquired at the first stage of otolith signal transformation, which is in the brainstem and cerebellum, and conserved across brainstem, cerebellar and cortical areas.
Mathematical modeling suggests that grid cells in the rodent brain use fundamental principles of number theory to maximize the efficiency of spatial mapping, enabling animals to accurately encode their location with as few neurons as possible.
When conscious visual perception changes, the observer's pupils simultaneously signal the accompanying change in visual cortical representation, and specific neuromodulatory activity that helps translate the altered visual experience into behavior.