120 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Evolution of irreversible somatic differentiation

    Yuanxiao Gao et al.
    Irreversible differentiation into somatic cells is evolutionarily optimal if changing cell phenotype is costly, a few somatic cells already improve the organism's performance, and the organism is large enough.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Crosstalk between the chloroplast protein import and SUMO systems revealed through genetic and molecular investigation in Arabidopsis

    Samuel James Watson et al.
    The small ubiquitin-like modifier system directly regulates components of the chloroplast protein import apparatus, that is, TOC proteins, to control chloroplast biogenesis and plant development.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural characterization of NrnC identifies unifying features of dinucleotidases

    Justin D Lormand et al.
    Dinucleotidases, specialized enzymes that catalyze the final step in RNA degradation, have evolved independently and repeatedly to fulfill essential roles in cell growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Autonomous clocks that regulate organelle biogenesis, cytoskeletal organization, and intracellular dynamics

    Mohammad Mofatteh et al.
    Latest advances in biological timing studies substantiate an emerging concept of autonomous clocks that are normally entrained by the cell cycle and/or the circadian clock to run in synchrony, but have evolved to run independently to regulate different cellular events.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Symmetry breaking meets multisite modification

    Vaidhiswaran Ramesh, J Krishnan
    Network symmetry represents a new vantage point for dissecting complex information processing characteristics in multisite modification, and the breaking of symmetry can confer ordering of modification and absolute concentration robustness.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    In situ cryo-ET structure of phycobilisome–photosystem II supercomplex from red alga

    Meijing Li et al.
    The nature of the phycobilisome–photosystem II supercomplex on the native thylakoid determined with cryo-electron tomography at an unprecedented resolution reveals that one phycobilisome interconnects with six photosystem monomers.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of photosystem I from a high-light-tolerant cyanobacteria

    Zachary Dobson et al.
    The necessity of studying extremophile organisms is exemplified by the structure of photosystem I from a high-light tolerant cyanobacteria, demonstrating the relationship between the structure and function in photosystem I.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Linking plasmid-based beta-lactamases to their bacterial hosts using single-cell fusion PCR

    Peter J Diebold et al.
    One-step Isolation and Lysis (OIL) PCR offers a robust, versatile, accessible, and high-throughput method for linking mobile DNA with bacterial hosts in natural microbial communities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Post-translational flavinylation is associated with diverse extracytosolic redox functionalities throughout bacterial life

    Raphaël Méheust et al.
    Bioinformatic and biochemical studies provide evidence that covalently bound flavins are common and participate in wide-ranging extracytosolic redox activities throughout bacterial life.

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