2,223 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The mucosal adjuvant cyclic di-GMP enhances antigen uptake and selectively activates pinocytosis-efficient cells in vivo

    Steven M Blaauboer et al.
    In mice, cyclic di-GMP is an effective mucosal pneumococcal vaccine adjuvant that stimulates the immune response via two distinct mechanisms.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure and mechanism of a Hypr GGDEF enzyme that activates cGAMP signaling to control extracellular metal respiration

    Zachary F Hallberg et al.
    A newfound signaling enzyme that diverged from a protein family ubiquitous in bacteria provides mechanistic insights into how new signaling activity emerges to control distinct cellular function and physiology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic insight into the conserved allosteric regulation of periplasmic proteolysis by the signaling molecule cyclic-di-GMP

    Debashree Chatterjee et al.
    Structure-function analyses reveal the mechanistic underpinnings of inside-out transmembrane signaling that controls periplasmic proteolysis, and thereby biofilm formation, in bacteria and may be relevant in the context of other signaling proteins with similar control elements.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Kinesin motility is driven by subdomain dynamics

    Wonmuk Hwang et al.
    The motor protein kinesin utilizes its fuel molecule by active and concerted motions of its subdomains, while it rapidly interacts with the microtubule track by forming a wet and dynamic interface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Symmetry broken and rebroken during the ATP hydrolysis cycle of the mitochondrial Hsp90 TRAP1

    Daniel Elnatan et al.
    A flip of the dimer asymmetry following the first ATP hydrolysis provides a mechanistic model for client remodeling by the mitochondrial Hsp90, TRAP1.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Heterogeneity in surface sensing suggests a division of labor in Pseudomonas aeruginosa populations

    Catherine R Armbruster et al.
    Subpopulations of polysaccharide producer and surface explorer cells play specialized roles in early Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ligand discrimination and gating in cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels from apo and partial agonist-bound cryo-EM structures

    Jan Rheinberger et al.
    High resolution SthK channel cryo-EM structures in different ligand-bound states combined with single-channel functional data in the same conditions constrain a gating mechanism for CNG channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A synthetic peptide that prevents cAMP regulation in mammalian hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels

    Andrea Saponaro et al.
    Cell-penetrating peptide drugs prevent adrenergic regulation of pacemaker channels without altering the overall response of the cell to cAMP.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii

    Irini Pateraki et al.
    The entire biosynthetic pathway for the diterpenoid forskolin in Coleus forskohlii has been reconstituted in yeast.

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