69 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differences across cyclophilin A orthologs contribute to the host range restriction of hepatitis C virus

    Jenna M Gaska et al.
    Incompatibilities between the viral replication machinery and orthologs of the essential host factor cyclophilin A (CypA) contribute to the narrow host range of hepatitis C virus.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cyclophilin A-regulated ubiquitination is critical for RIG-I-mediated antiviral immune responses

    Wei Liu et al.
    CypA boosts RIG-I-mediated antiviral immune responses via enhancing K63-linked ubiquitination of RIG-I and inhibiting K48-linked ubiquitination of MAVS.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Hepatitis C virus exploits cyclophilin A to evade PKR

    Che C Colpitts et al.
    Hepatitis C virus evades IRF1-dependent intrinsic antiviral immunity by exploiting cyclophilin A and its regulation of PKR.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mapping the conformational landscape of a dynamic enzyme by multitemperature and XFEL crystallography

    Daniel A Keedy et al.
    The conformations of the enzyme cyclophilin A that are essential for its catalytic activity are temperature dependent and exhibit diverse responses, which is consistent with a complex energy landscape.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MxB sensitivity of HIV-1 is determined by a highly variable and dynamic capsid surface

    Richard J Miles et al.
    Conformational flexibility in HIV-1 capsid, provided by cyclophilin A binding, facilitates evasion of capsid-targeting restriction factor MxB, while allowing sequence change to facilitate cytotoxic T-cell evasion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Primate TRIM5 proteins form hexagonal nets on HIV-1 capsids

    Yen-Li Li et al.
    To protect mammals against retroviral infections, TRIM5 restriction factors recognize viral capsids by forming complementary hexagonal nets that can adapt to the patterns of capsid protein subunits on the viral capsid surface.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TP53 exon-6 truncating mutations produce separation of function isoforms with pro-tumorigenic functions

    Nitin H Shirole et al.
    Genetic and molecular analysis of TP53 exon-6 truncating mutations reveal that these mutations, contrary to current belief, promote tumorigenesis and point towards strategies for treating cancers driven by these prevalent mutations.
    1. Plant Biology

    The chloroplast 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin functions as thioredoxin oxidase in redox regulation of chloroplast metabolism

    Mohamad-Javad Vaseghi et al.
    The chloroplast 2-cysteine peroxiredoxin is central player and missing link in the chloroplast thiol-disulfide redox regulatory network, and participates in oxidative inactivation of reductively activated enzymes in photosynthesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nuclear pore heterogeneity influences HIV-1 infection and the antiviral activity of MX2

    Melissa Kane et al.
    Comprehensive investigation reveals the variability and importance of the nuclear pore complex in HIV-1 infection and the activity of the antiretroviral protein, MX2.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A protein phosphatase network controls the temporal and spatial dynamics of differentiation commitment in human epidermis

    Ajay Mishra et al.
    A combination of transcriptomics, proteomics and modelling identifies a network of interacting protein phosphatases that act as a biological switch to move cells from the stem cell compartment to the differentiated compartment in cultured human epidermis.

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