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    1. Cell Biology

    The mitochondrial permeability transition pore activates the mitochondrial unfolded protein response and promotes aging

    Suzanne Angeli et al.
    Loss of the F-ATP synthase c-subunit inhibits a pathological mitochondrial permeability transition pore that is coupled to a maladaptive mitochondrial unfolded protein response while also extending lifespan.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Peptidoglycan precursor synthesis along the sidewall of pole-growing mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Peptidoglycan precursor synthesis occurs in both growing and non-growing regions of the mycobacterial cell surface.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Class-A penicillin binding proteins do not contribute to cell shape but repair cell-wall defects

    Antoine Vigouroux et al.
    Class-A penicillin-binding proteins are dispensable for rod-like cell-shape but essential for mechanical integrity by sensing and repairing cell-wall defects locally, as investigated in the model system Escherichia coli.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel decoy strategy for polymyxin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii

    Jaeeun Park et al.
    Outer membrane vesicles serve as decoys to reduce the chance of direct polymyxin B (PMB) binding to cells, which partly explains why many clinical isolates and microbial communities can be protected against PMB treatment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    G protein βγ subunits inhibit TRPM3 ion channels in sensory neurons

    Talisia Quallo et al.
    TRPM3 inhibition is identified as a novel mechanism for G-protein βγ subunit signalling.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    PRD-2 directly regulates casein kinase I and counteracts nonsense-mediated decay in the Neurospora circadian clock

    Christina M Kelliher et al.
    Casein kinase I, a pivotal kinase in the circadian clock encoded by ck-1a, is positively regulated by a novel RNA-binding protein that protects ck-1a transcripts from nonsense-mediated decay.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Arrayed CRISPRi and quantitative imaging describe the morphotypic landscape of essential mycobacterial genes

    Timothy J de Wet et al.
    A high-throughput functional genomics approach combining inducible CRISPR-interference and quantitative imaging yields an atlas of 'phenoprints' to guide gene function assignments, identify metabolic pathway-specific morphotypes, and inform antibiotic mechanism-of-action studies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MxB sensitivity of HIV-1 is determined by a highly variable and dynamic capsid surface

    Richard J Miles et al.
    Conformational flexibility in HIV-1 capsid, provided by cyclophilin A binding, facilitates evasion of capsid-targeting restriction factor MxB, while allowing sequence change to facilitate cytotoxic T-cell evasion.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.