443 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and function of the Smoothened extracellular domain in vertebrate Hedgehog signaling

    Sigrid Nachtergaele et al.
    A cysteine-rich domain within the Smoothened receptor may represent a novel therapeutic target for cancers caused by abnormal functioning of the Hedgehog signaling pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric regulators selectively prevent Ca2+-feedback of CaV and NaV channels

    Jacqueline Niu et al.
    Two structurally-unrelated regulatory proteins utilize parallel molecular mechanisms to selectively tune calcium and calmodulin feedback of calcium and sodium ion channels and reveals a novel strategy to engineer synthetic channel modulators.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural mechanism of ligand activation in human calcium-sensing receptor

    Yong Geng et al.
    L-amino acids are agonists of calcium-sensing receptor, and act jointly with calcium and phosphate ions to control receptor function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cholesterol activates the G-protein coupled receptor Smoothened to promote Hedgehog signaling

    Giovanni Luchetti et al.
    Cholesterol regulates cell-cell communication by activating the Hedgehog pathway, a central signaling system in development, regeneration and cancer.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of venom composition across a complex life cycle

    Yaara Y Columbus-Shenkar et al.
    Different developmental stages of a venomous animal (e.g. Nematostella vectensis) with a complex life cycle produce vastly different venoms that can serve in different antagonistic interactions with other species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Asymmetrical diversification of the receptor-ligand interaction controlling self-incompatibility in Arabidopsis

    Maxime Chantreau et al.
    In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Luqin-like RYamide peptides regulate food-evoked responses in C. elegans

    Hayao Ohno et al.
    Identification and functional characterization of C. elegans luqin-like arginine-tyrosine-NH2 (RYamide) peptides reveal their critical role in feeding-related processes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic anchoring precedes stable membrane attachment of SNAP25/SNAP23 to the plasma membrane

    Pascal Weber et al.
    A step of contact establishment preceding stable membrane attachment by palmitoylation is identified.

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