738 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synthekines are surrogate cytokine and growth factor agonists that compel signaling through non-natural receptor dimers

    Ignacio Moraga et al.
    Synthetic cytokines engage new signaling programs with therapeutic potential.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Active RNAP pre-initiation sites are highly mutated by cytidine deaminases in yeast, with AID targeting small RNA genes

    Benjamin JM Taylor et al.
    Transcribed promoters are highly susceptible to mutation by cytidine deaminases, implicating stable exposure of single stranded DNA structures, rather than cofactors, in localising mutation during tumourigenesis and antibody maturation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cells translate individual, quantal activation into collective, analog cytokine responses via time-integrated feedbacks

    Karen E Tkach et al.
    Experiment-driven quantitative model of IL-2 secretion demonstrates how T cells integrate their digital antigen responses into an analog-scaled output.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of homologous recombination between sequence repeats by the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein

    Jean-Marie Buerstedde et al.
    Intra- and intergenic deletions by repeat recombination broaden the mutagenic potential of the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytokinin transfer by a free-living mirid to Nicotiana attenuata recapitulates a strategy of endophytic insects

    Christoph Brütting et al.
    Cytokinin-dependent manipulation of plant metabolism is a strategy employed not only by gallers and leaf-miners but also by a free-living insect, Tupiocoris notatus, which directly transfers cytokinins at feeding sites to manipulate its host plant.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cell Signaling: Extraordinary effects of unnatural pairings

    Alejandro Villarino, John J O'Shea
    Engineered molecules based on human cytokines have potential uses in research and medicine.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cytokines: Revealing the secrets of secretion

    Antony Galione, Lianne C Davis
    An intracellular ion channel may have a central role in the release of cytokines by macrophages.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    APOBEC3A deaminates transiently exposed single-strand DNA during LINE-1 retrotransposition

    Sandra R Richardson et al.
    Combining in vitro and in vivo assays demonstrates that the cytidine deaminase APOBEC3A can inhibit LINE-1 retrotransposition by deaminating transiently exposed single-strand DNA that arises during the process of LINE-1 integration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA deaminases induce break-associated mutation showers with implication of APOBEC3B and 3A in breast cancer kataegis

    Benjamin JM Taylor et al.
    Enzymes that remove amine groups from cytosine bases in DNA are likely involved in generating the clusters of mutations (kataegis) seen in breast cancer.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.

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