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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycan modification of antigen alters its intracellular routing in dendritic cells, promoting priming of T cells

    Ingeborg Streng-Ouwehand et al.
    Controlled neo-glycosylation of antigens can influence intracellular routing of antigens and the nature and strength of immune response, and should therefore be considered as a major determinant in the design of vaccines against cancer and infectious diseases.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-induced MDSC act via remote control to inhibit L-selectin-dependent adaptive immunity in lymph nodes

    Amy W Ku et al.
    Tumor-induced myeloid-derived suppressor cells exert systemic suppression of adaptive immunity by limiting L-selectin-directed trafficking of T cells at vascular checkpoints in lymph nodes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of immune ligands by members of a cytomegalovirus gene expansion suppresses natural killer cell activation

    Ceri A Fielding et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus US12 gene family work co-operatively to degrade large numbers of immune ligands and prevent recognition by natural killer cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Guanylate binding proteins directly attack Toxoplasma gondii via supramolecular complexes

    Elisabeth Kravets et al.
    Cellular immunity against Toxoplasma parasites is orchestrated by GBP complexes attacking the parasite membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ataxin-1 oligomers induce local spread of pathology and decreasing them by passive immunization slows Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 phenotypes

    Cristian A Lasagna-Reeves et al.
    Building on previous work (Lasagna-Reeves et al., 2015) it is shown that polyglutamine ATXN1 oligomers propagate locally in SCA1 mice, and that passive immunotherapy targeting soluble oligomers can lead to an improvement in motor coordination and a modest increase in life span.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Targeting RAS-driven human cancer cells with antibodies to upregulated and essential cell-surface proteins

    Alexander J Martinko et al.
    Proteomics and functional genomics coupled to an antibody discovery pipeline revealed the influence of oncogenic RAS signaling on the cell-surface proteome and resulted in the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for RAS-driven cancers.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Caspase-8 contributes to angiogenesis and chemotherapy resistance in glioblastoma

    Giulia Fianco et al.
    Retention of Caspase-8 confers a selective advantage to glioblastoma and represents a novel therapeutic target.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Recurrent turnover of senescent cells during regeneration of a complex structure

    Maximina H Yun et al.
    Senescent cells are recurrently induced during limb regeneration in salamanders and subsequently eliminated by a highly efficient mechanism of macrophage-dependent surveillance.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal effects of tenofovir 1% gel

    Florian Hladik et al.
    Mucosal application of the anti-retroviral drug tenofovir, which is intended to prevent HIV transmission, has many off-target effects on the mucosa itself.