1,105 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Development and characterization of a chronic implant mouse model for vagus nerve stimulation

    Ibrahim T Mughrabi et al.
    Long-term, dose-controlled vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is feasible in mice using a multi-lab validated implantation procedure, allowing therapeutic testing of VNS in many disease models.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    SARS-CoV-2 suppresses anticoagulant and fibrinolytic gene expression in the lung

    Alan E Mast et al.
    Transcription changes in cells taken from bronchoalveolar fluid of COVID-19 patients indicate severe disruption of coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways in the lung and suggest similar processes in other organs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atlas of the binding specificities of transcription factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa directs prediction of novel regulators in virulence

    Tingting Wang et al.
    The transcription factor (TF)-binding specificities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa allow us to predict virulence-associated TFs and their target genes, which will facilitate to find effective treatment and prevention for its associated diseases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Infection with a newly designed dual fluorescent reporter HIV-1 effectively identifies latently infected CD4+ T cells

    Jinfeng Cai et al.
    A novel reporter model system serves as a valuable tool for studying latent HIV-1 infection and identifies potent latency reversing agent.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    An open label trial of anakinra to prevent respiratory failure in COVID-19

    Evdoxia Kyriazopoulou et al.
    Early suPAR-guided anakinra decreases the risk for severe respiratory failure in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and restores the pro-/anti-inflammatory balance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient DNA reveals the lost domestication history of South American camelids in Northern Chile and across the Andes

    Paloma Diaz-Maroto et al.
    aDNA revealed a model of domestication where an ancient guanaco population no longer exists, the loss of the ancient vicuña genetic variation in the modern populations, and frequently interbreeding practices.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Time-resolved phosphoproteomics reveals scaffolding and catalysis-responsive patterns of SHP2-dependent signaling

    Vidyasiri Vemulapalli et al.
    Monitoring SHP2 phosphoproteome dynamics identifies new substrate sites and sites protected from dephosphorylation by its SH2 domains, highlighting distinct scaffolding and catalytic activities in effecting a transmembrane signaling response.
    1. Plant Biology

    Tuning self-renewal in the Arabidopsis stomatal lineage by hormone and nutrient regulation of asymmetric cell division

    Yan Gong et al.
    Quantitative live-cell time-lapse imaging reveals that the spatial and temporal degree of cortical polarity domains reflects stem-cell division capacity in cells of the Arabidopsis plant leaf epidermis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early postmortem mapping of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in patients with COVID-19 and the correlation with tissue damage

    Stefanie Deinhardt-Emmer et al.
    Early postmortem autopsy of COVID-19 patients shows high viral loads and damage of the lung, although extrapulmonary cells demonstrate no injury, they contribute to inflammation, hyper-coagulation, and multiple organ dysfunction.

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