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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Muscle function and homeostasis require cytokine inhibition of AKT activity in Drosophila

    Katrin Kierdorf et al.
    A cytokine partly derived from macrophages is required to promote normal muscle health and metabolism by inhibiting the activity of the insulin signalling pathway in the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Control of plant cell fate transitions by transcriptional and hormonal signals

    Christophe Gaillochet et al.
    HEC transcription factors control the timing of cell fate transitions in a dynamic stem cell system, allowing plants to adapt their developmental program to diverse environments.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD14 release induced by P2X7 receptor restricts inflammation and increases survival during sepsis

    Cristina Alarcón-Vila et al.
    A murine model of sepsis shows that the purinergic P2X7 receptor controls the release of CD14 in extracellular vesicles playing a key role in cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ParB spreading on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate in vitro

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A biochemical reconstitution shows that the accumulation of Caulobacter crescentus ParB on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate and a closed DNA substrate in vitro.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy reveals rerouting of SNARE trafficking driving dendritic cell activation

    Daniëlle Rianne José Verboogen et al.
    A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ISG15 counteracts Listeria monocytogenes infection

    Lilliana Radoshevich et al.
    The induction of ISG15 during bacterial infection can be independent of Type I Interferons and leads to an increase in the secretion of cytokines known to be critical for bacterial clearance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Three ancient hormonal cues co-ordinate shoot branching in a moss

    Yoan Coudert et al.
    The mosses and angiosperms have independently evolved mechanisms that use the same hormones-auxin, cytokinin and strigolactone-to regulate lateral shoot branching.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA deaminases induce break-associated mutation showers with implication of APOBEC3B and 3A in breast cancer kataegis

    Benjamin JM Taylor et al.
    Enzymes that remove amine groups from cytosine bases in DNA are likely involved in generating the clusters of mutations (kataegis) seen in breast cancer.