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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    DNA deaminases induce break-associated mutation showers with implication of APOBEC3B and 3A in breast cancer kataegis

    Benjamin JM Taylor et al.
    Enzymes that remove amine groups from cytosine bases in DNA are likely involved in generating the clusters of mutations (kataegis) seen in breast cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Induction of homologous recombination between sequence repeats by the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein

    Jean-Marie Buerstedde et al.
    Intra- and intergenic deletions by repeat recombination broaden the mutagenic potential of the activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) protein.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    APOBEC3A deaminates transiently exposed single-strand DNA during LINE-1 retrotransposition

    Sandra R Richardson et al.
    Combining in vitro and in vivo assays demonstrates that the cytidine deaminase APOBEC3A can inhibit LINE-1 retrotransposition by deaminating transiently exposed single-strand DNA that arises during the process of LINE-1 integration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cytokine receptor-Eb1 interaction couples cell polarity and fate during asymmetric cell division

    Cuie Chen et al.
    A separation-of-function mutation reveals that a niche ligand receptor Dome functions in spindle orientation during asymmetric stem cell division by directly binding to Eb1, independent of its role in downstream JAK-STAT signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cytokine GDF15 signals through a population of brainstem cholecystokinin neurons to mediate anorectic signalling

    Amy A Worth et al.
    The GDF15 receptor, GFRAL,is expressed on a unique population of brainstem CCK neurons and mediates pathophysiological anorexia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)5 ameliorates influenza infection via inhibition of EGFR signaling

    Lukasz Kedzierski et al.
    The intracellular SOCS5 protein has a unique and key role in restraining influenza A infection by regulating epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in airway epithelial cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) paralog dose governs T cell effector and regulatory functions

    Alejandro Villarino et al.
    Asymmetrical expression dictates functional dominance of one STAT5 paralog at cellular and tissue levels despite redundancy at molecular and genomic levels.