573 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The RhoGAP activity of CYK-4/MgcRacGAP functions non-canonically by promoting RhoA activation during cytokinesis

    Donglei Zhang, Michael Glotzer
    Activation of the key regulator of cytokinesis, RhoA, involves an unexpected contribution by a RhoGAP domain.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synthekines are surrogate cytokine and growth factor agonists that compel signaling through non-natural receptor dimers

    Ignacio Moraga et al.
    Synthetic cytokines engage new signaling programs with therapeutic potential.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Chromosome mis-segregation and cytokinesis failure in trisomic human cells

    Joshua M Nicholson et al.
    Aneuploidy can cause chromosome mis-segregation and specific cellular phenotypes driven by expression of genes on the extra chromosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    ER assembly of SNARE complexes mediating formation of partitioning membrane in Arabidopsis cytokinesis

    Matthias Karnahl et al.
    SNARE proteins are delivered as complexes already from the endoplasmic reticulum along the secretory pathway to the cell division plane to mediate the formation of the partitioning membrane by vesicle fusion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytokinesis in vertebrate cells initiates by contraction of an equatorial actomyosin network composed of randomly oriented filaments

    Felix Spira et al.
    Asymmetric tension increase along the cell equator promotes self-organization of actomyosin into a partially aligned network during cytokinetic cleavage furrow ingression of vertebrate cells.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cells translate individual, quantal activation into collective, analog cytokine responses via time-integrated feedbacks

    Karen E Tkach et al.
    Experiment-driven quantitative model of IL-2 secretion demonstrates how T cells integrate their digital antigen responses into an analog-scaled output.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cell Signaling: Extraordinary effects of unnatural pairings

    Alejandro Villarino, John J O'Shea
    Engineered molecules based on human cytokines have potential uses in research and medicine.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ULK3 regulates cytokinetic abscission by phosphorylating ESCRT-III proteins

    Anna Caballe et al.
    ULK3 is a kinase in the abscission checkpoint that temporarily inactivates ESCRT-III proteins via phosphorylation, which is required to delay cytokinesis in response to defects in mitosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An extrafollicular pathway for the generation of effector CD8+ T cells driven by the proinflammatory cytokine, IL-12

    Suhagi Shah et al.
    Proliferation and differentiation of CD8+ T cells into terminal effectors occurs in the marginal zone and red pulp, and is promoted by IL-12 through direct and indirect mechanisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)5 ameliorates influenza infection via inhibition of EGFR signaling

    Lukasz Kedzierski et al.
    The intracellular SOCS5 protein has a unique and key role in restraining influenza A infection by regulating epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in airway epithelial cells.

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