115 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Release of human cytomegalovirus from latency by a KAP1/TRIM28 phosphorylation switch

    Benjamin Rauwel et al.
    Inactivation of KAP1 by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation releases human cytomegalovirus from latency, and has the potential to be used as a therapy to purge the virus from transplant organs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of immune ligands by members of a cytomegalovirus gene expansion suppresses natural killer cell activation

    Ceri A Fielding et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus US12 gene family work co-operatively to degrade large numbers of immune ligands and prevent recognition by natural killer cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus antagonizes activation of Fcγ receptors by distinct and synergizing modes of IgG manipulation

    Philipp Kolb et al.
    Molecular mechanisms reveal that human cytomegalovirus has evolved to deploy two individual glycoproteins working in synergy to efficiently evade antibody-mediated immunity mediated by Fc-gamma receptors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus interactome analysis identifies degradation hubs, domain associations and viral protein functions

    Luis V Nobre et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) interactome systematically characterises high-confidence viral-viral and viral-host protein interactions in HCMV-infected cells, facilitating multiple novel insights into HCMV and herpesviral function.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mixed cytomegalovirus genotypes in HIV-positive mothers show compartmentalization and distinct patterns of transmission to infants

    Juanita Pang et al.
    Genomic analyses provide new insights into natural history and pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus infection and suggest new testable hypotheses that could be important for the design and implementation of new vaccines.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Single cell analysis reveals human cytomegalovirus drives latently infected cells towards an anergic-like monocyte state

    Miri Shnayder et al.
    Single-cell and bulk expression analyses reveal that HCMV latent infection drives cells towards a weaker immune-responsive state, which is important for its expression and reactivation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection is controlled by hematopoietic and stromal cell sensing of murine cytomegalovirus through STING

    Sytse J Piersma et al.
    Cytomegaloviruses are recognized by distinct sensors depending on the infected cell type and together these sensors are essential for viral control and downstream immune responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Human cytomegalovirus IE1 protein alters the higher-order chromatin structure by targeting the acidic patch of the nucleosome

    Qianglin Fang et al.
    Distinct binding of viral proteins to the same region on the nucleosome surface can result in contrasting changes to higher-order chromatin structure in the host cell.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytomegalovirus protein m154 perturbs the adaptor protein-1 compartment mediating broad-spectrum immune evasion

    Ivana Strazic Geljic et al.
    Single mouse cytomegalovirus protein, m154, downmodulates surface expression of numerous targets important for NK and CD8 T cell activation by perturbing adaptor protein-1 sorting and redirecting targets to lysosomal degradation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The host exosome pathway underpins biogenesis of the human cytomegalovirus virion

    Declan L Turner et al.
    The HCMV virion envelope is derived from the host exosome membrane, and exosome machinery and export pathways facilitate virion egress.

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