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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ribosome biogenesis restricts innate immune responses to virus infection and DNA

    Christopher Bianco, Ian Mohr
    Ribosome production is unexpectedly integrated into innate cell-intrinsic responses that regulate double strand DNA-sensing and inflammatory cytokine induction in infected and uninfected cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Does the human placenta express the canonical cell entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2?

    Roger Pique-Regi et al.
    The human placenta negligibly co-expresses the transcripts encoding the canonical cell-entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2, which explains why mothers with COVID-19 rarely transmit the virus to the fetus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into herpesvirus assembly from the structure of the pUL7:pUL51 complex

    Benjamin G Butt et al.
    A conserved viral protein complex that promotes membrane wrapping of nascent herpesvirus particles shows structural similarity to cellular membrane-remodelling proteins, suggesting functional mimicry.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The naive T-cell receptor repertoire has an extremely broad distribution of clone sizes

    Peter C de Greef et al.
    Combining experiments, bioinformatics, and mathematical modelling, we find large heterogeneity in naive T cell clone sizes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Herpesviral induction of RAE-1 NKG2D ligand expression occurs through release of HDAC mediated repression

    Trever T Greene et al.
    Viral infection can induce NKG2D ligand expression through the action of virally encoded histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, which release HDAC mediated repression of NKG2D ligands.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral GPCR US28 can signal in response to chemokine agonists of nearly unlimited structural degeneracy

    Timothy F Miles et al.
    Numerous chemokine variants bearing no sequence resemblance elicit similar signaling behavior from the viral GPCR US28, suggesting a mechanism for receptor activation that accommodates extensive ligand degeneracy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Gene activation by a CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer

    Xinhui Xu et al.
    Both exogenous and endogenous genes can be highly activated in cells by a new dCas9-based activator, CRISPR-assisted trans enhancer, that can be used to activate genes for biomedical applications.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Phenotypic complementation of genetic immunodeficiency by chronic herpesvirus infection

    Donna A MacDuff et al.
    HOIL-1 deficiency in mice results in a severe immunodeficiency that is effectively complemented by chronic infection with a murine gamma-herpesvirus.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pi-Pi contacts are an overlooked protein feature relevant to phase separation

    Robert McCoy Vernon et al.
    Statistics on the frequencies of pi interactions in folded protein structures enable successful prediction of intrinsically disordered protein phase separation, with clear implications for a physical understanding of cellular organization.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Drainage of inflammatory macromolecules from the brain to periphery targets the liver for macrophage infiltration

    Linlin Yang et al.
    Circulation of molecules from the brain can serve as a rapid mode of communication from the brain to the liver.