1,128 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of a transporter complex responsible for the cytosolic entry of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates

    Zhou Yu et al.
    Identification of a transporter complex comprised of SLC37A3 and ATRAID is required for nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates to enter the cytosol from lysosomes and exert their therapeutic effects on bone.
    1. Cell Biology

    Symmetric exchange of multi-protein building blocks between stationary focal adhesions and the cytosol

    Jan-Erik Hoffmann et al.
    In the cytosol, the proteins constituting cell-matrix adhesion sites form multi-protein building blocks which enter and leave these sites unaltered, thereby contributing to their rapid and correct self-assembly.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bone-Targeting Drugs: From vesicle to cytosol

    Michael J Rogers, Marcia A Munoz
    Drugs called bisphosphonates are used to treat a range of bone diseases, but how do they reach the enzymes that are their target?
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of phosphatidylcholine recognition by the C2–domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2α

    Yoshinori Hirano et al.
    The C2-domain of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2α is structurally designed to target PC-rich membrane regions to increase the enzymatic efficiency of the catalytic domain, which prefers PCs with polyunsaturated acyl chains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteomic mapping of cytosol-facing outer mitochondrial and ER membranes in living human cells by proximity biotinylation

    Victoria Hung et al.
    One minute biotinylation with APEX2 peroxidase in living cells identifies established and new components of mitochondrial and ER membranes; dataset intersection and overexpression screen identifies SYNJ2BP overexpression as inducing mitochondria-rough ER contacts.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cytosolic Hsp70 and co-chaperones constitute a novel system for tRNA import into the nucleus

    Akira Takano et al.
    A major cytoplasmic chaperone, Ssa2p, acts as a nuclear import carrier for tRNAs upon nutrient starvation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Voltage-dependent dynamics of the BK channel cytosolic gating ring are coupled to the membrane-embedded voltage sensor

    Pablo Miranda et al.
    Allosteric modulation of BK channels, vital for the physiology of nerve, muscle and endocrine cells, is determined by direct coupling between gating ring RCK1 domains and the voltage sensor function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HRI coordinates translation necessary for protein homeostasis and mitochondrial function in erythropoiesis

    Shuping Zhang et al.
    The heme and HRI-mediated eIF2aP–ATF4 integrated stress response in erythropoiesis has a major global impact, especially under the stress condition of iron deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology

    A pH-driven transition of the cytoplasm from a fluid- to a solid-like state promotes entry into dormancy

    Matthias Christoph Munder et al.
    The cytoplasm behaves as an adaptable fluid that can reversibly transition into a protective solid-like state upon stress.
    1. Cell Biology

    Protein Phosphatase 1 inactivates Mps1 to ensure efficient Spindle Assembly Checkpoint silencing

    Margarida Moura et al.
    Inactivation of the master mitotic checkpoint regulator Mps1 by protein phosphatase 1 is required for timely segregation of the genetic material during cell division.

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