288 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Development of antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity function in HIV-1 antibodies

    Laura E Doepker et al.
    HIV-specific antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity vary in their paths to achieve function but commonly rely on mutations in multiple regions, including framework regions, to reach full potency.
    1. Cell Biology

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The anticancer natural product ophiobolin A induces cytotoxicity by covalent modification of phosphatidylethanolamine

    Christopher Chidley et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in human cells shows that the molecular target of a natural product with promising anticancer activity is a membrane phospholipid.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD56 regulates human NK cell cytotoxicity through Pyk2

    Justin T Gunesch et al.
    CD56/NCAM, the prototypical marker of human natural killer cells, promotes lytic function towards susceptible target cells by signaling through protein tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic structures of fibrillar segments of hIAPP suggest tightly mated β-sheets are important for cytotoxicity

    Pascal Krotee et al.
    Atomic structures of hIAPP fibrillar segments, determined using the cryo electron microscopy method MicroED, reveal that strong, stable intermolecular interactions are important features of cytotoxic amyloid proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based discovery of fiber-binding compounds that reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta

    Lin Jiang et al.
    By using structural methods to screen compounds for their ability to interact with amyloid beta, researchers have identified small molecules that stabilize amyloid fibers and reduce the toxic effect of smaller aggregates on cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription-associated topoisomerase 2α (TOP2A) activity is a major effector of cytotoxicity induced by G-quadruplex ligands

    Madeleine Bossaert et al.
    Topoisomerase 2α DNA breaks induced by G-quadruplex ligands are associated with a topological stress resulting from a transcription-dependent mechanism and counteracted by DNA topoisomerase 1 and factors promoting transcription elongation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NK cells inhibit Plasmodium falciparum growth in red blood cells via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity

    Gunjan Arora et al.
    Red blood cells infected by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are destroyed by human natural killer cells in the presence of antibodies from people who have acquired clinical immunity to malaria.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A herpesvirus encoded Qa-1 mimic inhibits natural killer cell cytotoxicity through CD94/NKG2A receptor engagement

    Xiaoli Wang et al.
    Rodent herpesvirus Peru overcomes NK ‘missing-self’ killing using a non-classical MHC-I like protein resistant todownregulation by its own ubiquitin ligase that potently sabotages antigen presentation to T-cells.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories