160 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The anticancer natural product ophiobolin A induces cytotoxicity by covalent modification of phosphatidylethanolamine

    Christopher Chidley et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in human cells shows that the molecular target of a natural product with promising anticancer activity is a membrane phospholipid.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic structures of fibrillar segments of hIAPP suggest tightly mated β-sheets are important for cytotoxicity

    Pascal Krotee et al.
    Atomic structures of hIAPP fibrillar segments, determined using the cryo electron microscopy method MicroED, reveal that strong, stable intermolecular interactions are important features of cytotoxic amyloid proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A herpesvirus encoded Qa-1 mimic inhibits natural killer cell cytotoxicity through CD94/NKG2A receptor engagement

    Xiaoli Wang et al.
    Rodent herpesvirus Peru overcomes NK ‘missing-self’ killing using a non-classical MHC-I like protein resistant todownregulation by its own ubiquitin ligase that potently sabotages antigen presentation to T-cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Structure-based discovery of fiber-binding compounds that reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta

    Lin Jiang et al.
    By using structural methods to screen compounds for their ability to interact with amyloid beta, researchers have identified small molecules that stabilize amyloid fibers and reduce the toxic effect of smaller aggregates on cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NK cells inhibit Plasmodium falciparum growth in red blood cells via antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity

    Gunjan Arora et al.
    Red blood cells infected by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are destroyed by human natural killer cells in the presence of antibodies from people who have acquired clinical immunity to malaria.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear export of misfolded SOD1 mediated by a normally buried NES-like sequence reduces proteotoxicity in the nucleus

    Yongwang Zhong et al.
    Cellular and genetic approaches reveal that exposure of a normally buried nuclear export signal (NES)-like sequence mediates export of ALS-linked mutant and misfolded wild-type SOD1 to the cytoplasm by CRM1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytotoxic activities of CD8+ T cells collaborate with macrophages to protect against blood-stage murine malaria

    Takashi Imai et al.
    The cytotoxicity exerted by CD8+ T cells against parasitized erythroblasts helps to protect against blood-stage malaria by making parasitized cells susceptible to phagocytosis.

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