4,369 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Divergent Cl- and H+ pathways underlie transport coupling and gating in CLC exchangers and channels

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Combined simulations and electrophysiological experiments show that the CLC channels and exchangers form physically distinct and evolutionarily conserved pathways through which Cl- and H+ ions move when crossing biological membranes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Lysosome activity is modulated by multiple longevity pathways and is important for lifespan extension in C. elegans

    Yanan Sun et al.
    Cell biological and genetic studies reveal age-associated alterations of lysosomes and modulation of lysosomal activity by longevity pathways.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into sodium transport by the oxaloacetate decarboxylase sodium pump

    Xin Xu et al.
    The structure of the membrane-integrated components of a unique substrate decarboxylation-driven primary-active sodium pump provides insights into its transport mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of a super-functional Tfh-like subpopulation in murine lupus by pattern perception

    Stefanie Gryzik et al.
    A novel binning approach provides evidence for super-functional T cells with high activation potential and which exhibit Tfh-like functionalities and can help B cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Stochastic bond dynamics facilitates alignment of malaria parasite at erythrocyte membrane upon invasion

    Sebastian Hillringhaus et al.
    The bond-based adhesion model is a key step toward a realistic description of RBC-parasite interaction, which allows the investigation of more realistic scenarios and is relevant for other biological systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.
    1. Neuroscience

    A critical re-evaluation of fMRI signatures of motor sequence learning

    Eva Berlot et al.
    A systematic assessment of previously proposed fMRI metrics of motor sequence learning reveals widespread activity reductions and subtle multivariate pattern changes outside of primary motor cortex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.

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