411 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    Anisotropic growth is achieved through the additive mechanical effect of material anisotropy and elastic asymmetry

    Firas Bou Daher et al.
    Growing upwards in the young seedling is controlled by two cooperative mechanical mechanisms: cellulose orientation in inner tissues and differential elasticity in epidermal cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired fast-spiking interneuron function in a genetic mouse model of depression

    Jonas-Frederic Sauer et al.
    Truncated Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (Disc 1) ablates signaling of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons in the prefrontal cortex and underlies depression-related behaviour in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deletion of a kinesin I motor unmasks a mechanism of homeostatic branching control by neurotrophin-3

    Thomas O Auer et al.
    Disrupting synapse formation between the retina and the brain in zebrafish larvae-by eliminating the molecular motor Kif5A-triggers a compensatory increase in the branching of retinal axons aimed at restoring synapse number.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into the molecular architecture and histone H3-H4 deposition mechanism of yeast Chromatin assembly factor 1

    Paul Victor Sauer et al.
    The CAF1 complex binds single histone H3-H4 dimers, and two such complexes associate with extended DNA elements to ensure the deposition of H3-H4 tetramers, the first step in the assembly of nucleosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Auto-regulation of Rab5 GEF activity in Rabex5 by allosteric structural changes, catalytic core dynamics and ubiquitin binding

    Janelle Lauer et al.
    Understanding the complex auto-regulatory mechanisms for guanine nucleotide exchange factors is critically important for fully appreciating the layers of control for small GTPases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Ecological feedback in quorum-sensing microbial populations can induce heterogeneous production of autoinducers

    Matthias Bauer et al.
    Quorum sensing enables heterogeneous production of autoinducers in microbial populations, suggesting an alternative mechanism to stochastic gene expression in bistable gene-regulatory circuits to control phenotypic heterogeneity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Aging and Longevity: Short and sweet

    Coleen T Murphy
    A truncated version of the only insulin receptor in C. elegans has been discovered.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    An alternatively spliced, non-signaling insulin receptor modulates insulin sensitivity via insulin peptide sequestration in C. elegans

    Bryan A Martinez et al.
    A truncated, non-signaling insulin receptor regulates insulin sensitivity in the nematode C. elegans by sequestering insulin peptides and preventing their interaction with full length receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Feeding state-dependent regulation of developmental plasticity via CaMKI and neuroendocrine signaling

    Scott J Neal et al.
    CaMKI and neuroendocrine signaling integrate information about food status to regulate a developmental decision in C. elegans.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental programming modulates olfactory behavior in C. elegans via endogenous RNAi pathways

    Jennie R Sims et al.
    The OSM-9 TRPV channel is differentially regulated due to developmental programming via modulation by TGF-β signaling, endogenous RNAi and chromatin remodeling pathways.

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