574 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    N501Y mutation of spike protein in SARS-CoV-2 strengthens its binding to receptor ACE2

    Fang Tian et al.
    Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 with mutation N501Y shows a faster association rate, slower dissociation rate, and higher binding probability and unbinding force to its human receptor protein ACE2, leading to higher transmission.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inequalities in the distribution of National Institutes of Health research project grant funding

    Michael S Lauer, Deepshikha Roychowdhury
    Funding inequalities for NIH-supported research project grant investigators and organizations have increased over the past 25 years, but have modestly decreased over the past 3 years.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial pannexin 1–TRPV4 channel signaling lowers pulmonary arterial pressure in mice

    Zdravka Daneva et al.
    Endothelial pannexin 1-P2Y2 purinergic receptor-TRPV4 channel signaling, facilitated by caveolin-1, is a novel pathway for lowering pulmonary arterial pressure.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A framework for studying behavioral evolution by reconstructing ancestral repertoires

    Damián G Hernández et al.
    The behavioral repertoires from six species of flies are measured, and a statistical approach is developed to predict co-evolving behaviors, providing a potential framework for exploring behavioral evolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila STING protein has a role in lipid metabolism

    Katarina Akhmetova et al.
    Drosophila STING protein, or stimulator of interferon genes, has a direct but previously unknown role in the lipid metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of diversity in metabolic strategies

    Rodrigo Caetano et al.
    Analytical and numerical analyses reveal that the number of coexisting species exceeds the number of resource only for the structurally unstable case of linear tradeoff.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A precisely adjustable, variation-suppressed eukaryotic transcriptional controller to enable genetic discovery

    Asli Azizoglu et al.
    A new gene expression tool enables precise control of protein dosage over a large range and paves the way for new genetic discoveries.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Linker histone H1.8 inhibits chromatin binding of condensins and DNA topoisomerase II to tune chromosome length and individualization

    Pavan Choppakatla et al.
    Linker histone H1.8 shapes mitotic chromosomes by tuning the number and size of condensin-dependent DNA loops and suppressing condensin and DNA topoisomerase II-dependent individualization.

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