948 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Fast turnover of genome transcription across evolutionary time exposes entire non-coding DNA to de novo gene emergence

    Rafik Neme, Diethard Tautz
    Deep sequencing of transcriptomes from closely related taxa shows that the whole genome can become subject to evolutionary testing within a short time frame via de novo evolution of genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Testis single-cell RNA-seq reveals the dynamics of de novo gene transcription and germline mutational bias in Drosophila

    Evan Witt et al.
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing and germline substitutions provide novel insights into how testis is a hotspot for evolutionary innovation of genes, expression, and mutation at the single-cell level.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Spermatogenesis: A hotspot for new genes

    Anne-Marie Dion-Côté
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing in fruit flies gives an unprecedented picture of how new genes are expressed during the formation of sperm.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Long non-coding RNAs as a source of new peptides

    Jorge Ruiz-Orera et al.
    Ribosome profiling data from several eukaryotic species provides strong evidence that many long non-coding RNA molecules encode novel short proteins.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Expression noise facilitates the evolution of gene regulation

    Luise Wolf et al.
    In-lab evolution of synthetic promoters has revealed a novel general mechanism for de novo evolution of gene regulation, and highlights the crucial role of expression noise in this process.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Transcriptional signatures of somatic neoblasts and germline cells in Macrostomum lignano

    Magda Grudniewska et al.
    De novo transcriptome assembly and comprehensive characterization of gene expression in proliferating cells of regeneration-capable flatworm Macrostomum lignano advance this organism as a powerful model for stem cell research.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Epigenetic regulation of hematopoiesis by DNA methylation

    Aniket V Gore et al.
    Methylation of a key transcription factor gene by a de novo DNA methyltransferase assures the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cell fate.
  1. Point of View: Four erroneous beliefs thwarting more trustworthy research

    Mark Yarborough et al.
    Strategies to improve public trust in biomedical research are being hindered by a scientific mindset that stifles interest in reform.
    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.

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