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176 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    General decapping activators target different subsets of inefficiently translated mRNAs

    Feng He et al.
    Dhh1, Pat1, and Lsm1 target subsets of cellular mRNAs for decapping via interactions of these regulatory proteins with the C-terminal domain of Dcp2, the catalytic component of the decapping enzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative ATPase mediates RNA transcription and capping in a dsRNA virus

    Xuekui Yu et al.
    Atomic structures suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of mRNA transcription and capping in dsRNA viruses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Highly efficient 5' capping of mitochondrial RNA with NAD+ and NADH by yeast and human mitochondrial RNA polymerase

    Jeremy G Bird et al.
    Eukaryotic mitochondrial RNA polymerases cap RNA with NAD with much higher efficiencies than nuclear RNA polymerase II; as a consequence, mitochondrial RNAs have remarkably high levels of NAD capping.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 6 ensembles can selectively regulate the behavioral impact and layer-specific representation of sensory deviants

    Jakob Voigts et al.
    Changing which layer 6 neurons are active during sensory tasks disrupts the detection and encoding of changes, but still allows integration of sensory information in the absence of changes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transition state and regulation of γ-TuRC-mediated microtubule nucleation revealed by single molecule microscopy

    Akanksha Thawani et al.
    Four αβ-tubulin dimers associate laterally on γ-TuRC to define the rate-limiting transition state for microtubule nucleation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Talin-activated vinculin interacts with branched actin networks to initiate bundles

    Rajaa Boujemaa-Paterski et al.
    At adhesion sites, talin-activated vinculin promotes interactions with the actin network that initiates bundles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural ensemble dynamics in dorsal motor cortex during speech in people with paralysis

    Sergey D Stavisky et al.
    Neurons in human dorsal motor cortex, an area involved in controlling arm and hand movements, are also active – and show similar ensemble dynamics – during speaking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing the neural fingerprints of a missing hand

    Sanne Kikkert et al.
    The brain continues to represent individual fingers in primary somatosensory cortex decades after the amputation of a hand, indicating that cortical maps do not require ongoing sensory input from the body.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pat1 promotes processing body assembly by enhancing the phase separation of the DEAD-box ATPase Dhh1 and RNA

    Ruchika Sachdev et al.
    The protein Pat1 functions in the assembly of processing bodies, cellular membraneless organelles, by promoting the liquid–liquid phase separation of the DEAD-box ATPase Dhh1 and RNA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Theta-modulation drives the emergence of connectivity patterns underlying replay in a network model of place cells

    Panagiota Theodoni et al.
    The learning rate for novel spatial environments in model networks of place cells is determined by the product of the window for plasticity and the auto-correlation of place-cell activity.

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