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174 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    General decapping activators target different subsets of inefficiently translated mRNAs

    Feng He et al.
    Dhh1, Pat1, and Lsm1 target subsets of cellular mRNAs for decapping via interactions of these regulatory proteins with the C-terminal domain of Dcp2, the catalytic component of the decapping enzyme.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Nutrient levels and trade-offs control diversity in a serial dilution ecosystem

    Amir Erez et al.
    Whereas theories of ecological diversity mostly consider continuously supplied nutrients, a seasonal model uncovers a general mechanism that controls diversity and reconciles conflicting experimental findings.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Histone gene replacement reveals a post-transcriptional role for H3K36 in maintaining metazoan transcriptome fidelity

    Michael P Meers et al.
    Post-translational modification of histone H3K36 is not required to suppress cryptic transcription initiation or to include alternative exons in Drosophila; instead it promotes expression of active genes by stimulating polyadenylation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    A dynamic mechanism for allosteric activation of Aurora kinase A by activation loop phosphorylation

    Emily F Ruff et al.
    Phosphorylation of Aurora A does not trigger a population shift to the active state as previously thought, but instead switches the kinase on by tuning the structure and dynamics of a dynamically sampled subpopulation.
    1. Plant Biology

    The plant pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa triggers a DELLA-dependent seed germination arrest in Arabidopsis

    Hicham Chahtane et al.
    Arabidopsis seed germination can be repressed by a Pseudomonas factor.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Golgi self-correction generates bioequivalent glycans to preserve cellular homeostasis

    Haik Mkhikian et al.
    Structurally dissimilar N-glycans can be functionally equivalent, and are produced via a self-correcting feature of the Golgi.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A non-canonical role for the EDC4 decapping factor in regulating MARF1-mediated mRNA decay

    William R Brothers et al.
    Crosslink immunopreciptiation (iCLIP) studies reveal important mechanistic insights into how MARF1 post-transcriptionally regulates targeted mRNAs and uncover a novel mode by which EDC4 regulates mRNA metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    JMJD6 cleaves MePCE to release positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in higher eukaryotes

    Schuyler Lee et al.
    JMJD6 helps BRD4 to recruit CDK9 to RNA Polymerase II by disrupting 7SK snRNP complex.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    mRNA decapping is an evolutionarily conserved modulator of neuroendocrine signaling that controls development and ageing

    Fivos Borbolis et al.
    mRNA decapping function in neuronal cells regulates neurosecretion and intertissue signaling, affecting developmental and ageing processes in two model organisms.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cotranslational microRNA mediated messenger RNA destabilization

    Trinh To Tat et al.
    MicroRNAs stimulate the decay of targeted mRNAs while they are associated with translating ribosomes.

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