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    1. Neuroscience

    Serial, parallel and hierarchical decision making in primates

    Ariel Zylberberg et al.
    A comparison between hierarchical and flat models of decision-making refutes flat models because they lack flexibility and are not supported by behavioral and neural data.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar involvement in an evidence-accumulation decision-making task

    Ben Deverett et al.
    In a new evidence-accumulation decision-making task, activity of the lateral posterior cerebellum is necessary for accurate performance, and somatic and dendritic activity in Purkinje cells contains choice/evidence and error-related information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Breaking down hierarchies of decision-making in primates

    Alexandre Hyafil, Rubén Moreno-Bote
    Computational modeling of behavioral and neural data from monkeys points towards a flat decision-making process in which the brain considers all possible final outcomes simultaneously.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive learning and decision-making under uncertainty by metaplastic synapses guided by a surprise detection system

    Kiyohito Iigaya
    Computational modeling offers an explanation for why animals learn more quickly or slowly when their environment becomes more variable or stable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human VMPFC encodes early signatures of confidence in perceptual decisions

    Sabina Gherman, Marios G. Philiastides
    Simultaneous EEG-fMRI reveals neural representations of decision confidence unfolding prior to explicit perceptual choices, in a region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex typically linked to reward processing and value-based decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of striatal direct and indirect pathways in value-based decision making

    Shinae Kwak, Min Whan Jung
    The direct and indirect pathways of the dorsal striatum play indispensable roles in value-dependent action selection and value learning, respectively.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent processes support a cascade of hierarchical decisions

    Laura Gwilliams, Jean-Remi King
    The dynamics of neural responses during visual perception are best explained by a joint feedforward and recurrent architecture, which both maintains and broadcasts input features over time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mesencephalic representations of recent experience influence decision making

    John A Thompson et al.
    Activity in the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus reflects the choices and outcomes of previous trials in a decision making task, and affects upcoming choices.