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    1. Neuroscience

    Value-based attentional capture affects multi-alternative decision making

    Sebastian Gluth et al.
    Speeded value-based decisions between two options can be affected by a third, high-value distractor that captures attention and slows down the choice process.
    1. Neuroscience

    How prior preferences determine decision-making frames and biases in the human brain

    Alizée Lopez-Persem et al.
    Model-based analyses of choice behavior and fMRI activity revealed that prior preferences generate default policies, which frame the decision value signal encoded in the vmPFC, and shift vmPFC pre-choice activity so as to induce a decision bias toward default options.
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-decision processing in primate prefrontal cortex influences subsequent choices on an auditory decision-making task

    Joji Tsunada et al.
    A behavioral model, neuronal recordings, and electrical microstimulation reveal that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex plays a causal role in evaluating prior decisions and biasing future decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human subthalamic nucleus activity during non-motor decision making

    Baltazar A Zavala et al.
    Intraoperative human brain recordings during a memory task reveal that when participants inhibit memory formation, the subthalamic nucleus shows higher beta power and beta coherence with areas of the lateral cortex implicated in memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal multisensory decision-making in a reaction-time task

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Through a combination of modeling and experiments it is shown that humans can near-optimally accumulate decision-related evidence across time and cues even when reaction time is under their control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differentiating between integration and non-integration strategies in perceptual decision making

    Gabriel M Stine et al.
    The determination that a decision-maker integrated evidence to form perceptual decisions is shown to be much more difficult than previously appreciated.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hippocampus encodes delay and value information during delay-discounting decision making

    Akira Masuda et al.
    Two distinct subpopulations of CA1 neurons that increased or decreased their firing rate during delay were identified, suggesting that they have distinct roles in the valuation process in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptive learning and decision-making under uncertainty by metaplastic synapses guided by a surprise detection system

    Kiyohito Iigaya
    Computational modeling offers an explanation for why animals learn more quickly or slowly when their environment becomes more variable or stable.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tuning the speed-accuracy trade-off to maximize reward rate in multisensory decision-making

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Building on previous work (Drugowitsch et al., 2014), it is shown that decision-makers adjust their speed-accuracy trade-off flexibly from one moment to the next, based on evidence available from multiple sensory modalities, in order to nearly maximize their reward rate.
    1. Neuroscience

    One-shot learning and behavioral eligibility traces in sequential decision making

    Marco P Lehmann et al.
    Human learning relies on short-term memories (eligibility traces) which provide a mechanism to reinforce sequences of actions from a single reward (one-shot).