3,218 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    The majority of transcripts in the squid nervous system are extensively recoded by A-to-I RNA editing

    Shahar Alon et al.
    The first example of an animal where RNA-editing dramatically reshapes the entire proteome demonstrates that editing must be a critical evolutionary and adaptive force.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Autocatalytic microtubule nucleation determines the size and mass of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles

    Franziska Decker et al.
    Quantitative microscopy and theory show that the size of Xenopus laevis egg extract spindles is controlled by a spatially-regulated autocatalytic growth mechanism driven by microtubule-stimulated microtubule nucleation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The fascinating and secret wild life of the budding yeast S. cerevisiae

    Gianni Liti
    The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has informed our understanding of molecular biology and genetics for decades, and learning more about its natural history could fuel a new era of functional and evolutionary studies of this classic model organism.
    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
  1. Scientific Publishing: A new twist on peer review

    Mark Patterson, Randy Schekman
    eLife is conducting a trial in which authors will decide how to respond to the issues raised during peer review.
    Editorial
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Neuroscience

    Vacillation, indecision and hesitation in moment-by-moment decoding of monkey motor cortex

    Matthew T Kaufman et al.
    Trial-by-trial analysis of neuronal activity in monkeys performing a decision-making task reveals the neural correlates of behaviours including wavering, hesitation and sudden changes of mind.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding neural responses to temporal cues for sound localization

    Dan FM Goodman et al.
    Computer simulations of interaural time difference decoders show that heterogeneous tuning of binaural neurons leads to accurate sound localization in natural environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computations underlying Drosophila photo-taxis, odor-taxis, and multi-sensory integration

    Ruben Gepner et al.
    Optogenetics and reverse-correlation have decoded the computations by which the Drosophila larva makes navigational decisions on the basis of time-varying sensory neuron activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal activity determines distinct gliotransmitter release from a single astrocyte

    Ana Covelo, Alfonso Araque
    A single astrocyte can decode neuronal activity and, consequently, release distinct gliotransmitters that differentially regulate neurotransmission at single hippocampal synapses.

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