2,140 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Timing mechanism of sexually dimorphic nervous system differentiation

    Laura Pereira et al.
    The timing of sexual differentiation in the brain of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is controlled by a phylogenetically conserved pathway of gene regulatory factors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reduced matrix rigidity promotes neonatal cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation, proliferation and clonal expansion

    Yfat Yahalom-Ronen et al.
    Compliant matrix provides a permissive micoenvironment for cardiomyocyte dedifferentiation, cell division and expansion, and thus may open a new avenue towards cardiac regeneration.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Wnt signaling-mediated redox regulation maintains the germ line stem cell differentiation niche

    Su Wang et al.
    Wnt signaling regulates cellular redox in the germline stem cell differentiation niche via a novel regulatory mechanism, thereby controlling germ line stem cell progeny differentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Brm-HDAC3-Erm repressor complex suppresses dedifferentiation in Drosophila type II neuroblast lineages

    Chwee Tat Koe et al.
    A novel complex composed of various components of a chromatin remodeling complex, a chromatin remodeling factor and a transcription factor suppresses the dedifferentiation of intermediate neural progenitors back into neuroblasts in Drosophila.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Yap1 safeguards mouse embryonic stem cells from excessive apoptosis during differentiation

    Lucy LeBlanc et al.
    During ES cell differentiation, Yap1 directly regulates apoptosis-related genes like Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 to attenuate apoptosis and promote cell survival to allow for successful cell fate changes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enhancer regions show high histone H3.3 turnover that changes during differentiation

    Aimee M Deaton et al.
    Nucleosomes at enhancers are unusually dynamic and change histone turnover rates during differentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The acinar differentiation determinant PTF1A inhibits initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Nathan M Krah et al.
    By regulating acinar cell differentiation, the transcription factor PTF1A acts as a novel class of tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic control of excitatory post-synaptic differentiation through neuroligin-1 tyrosine phosphorylation

    Mathieu Letellier et al.
    Orthogonal to traditional paradigms that manipulate neuroligin expression level, optogenetic stimulation of tyrosine phosphorylation highlights a role of the intracellular domain of endogenous neuroligin-1 in excitatory synaptic differentiation and potentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    JNK signaling triggers spermatogonial dedifferentiation during chronic stress to maintain the germline stem cell pool in the Drosophila testis

    Salvador C Herrera, Erika A Bach
    JNK pathway activity induces spermatogonial dedifferentiation under challenging conditions to maintain the germline stem cell pool and to endow it with potentially fitter cells that have increased proliferation.

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