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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A genetic program mediates cold-warming response and promotes stress-induced phenoptosis in C. elegans

    Wei Jiang et al.
    A gene regulatory program regulating thermal stress response and organismic death.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comprehensive mapping of adaptation of the avian influenza polymerase protein PB2 to humans

    YQ Shirleen Soh et al.
    Complete mapping of human-adaptive mutations to the avian influenza PB2 protein shows how selection at key molecular interfaces combines with evolutionary accessibility to shape viral host adaptation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Computationally-driven identification of antibody epitopes

    Casey K Hua et al.
    The combination of computational modeling and protein design can reveal key determinants of antibody–antigen binding and optimize small sets of antigen variants for efficient experimental localization of epitopes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Extensive site-directed mutagenesis reveals interconnected functional units in the alkaline phosphatase active site

    Fanny Sunden et al.
    Conventional studies have focused on enzymatic residues directly involved in catalysis; dissecting a potential interaction network within which these ‘catalytic residues’ are embedded provides insights fundamental to enzyme function, evolution, and engineering.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Uncovering the basis of protein-protein interaction specificity with a combinatorially complete library

    Thuy-Lan V Lite et al.
    A generalizable approach to understanding the logic of molecular recognition reveals the contributions of individual residues to the specificity of protein-protein interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two single-point mutations shift the ligand selectivity of a pheromone receptor between two closely related moth species

    Ke Yang et al.
    Differing from its ortholog in Helicoverpa armigera, pheromone receptor HassOr14b is tuned to the major sex pheromone component in H. assulta, and two amino acids in the intracellular domain determine their ligand selectivity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation in protein fitness landscapes is facilitated by indirect paths

    Nicholas C Wu et al.
    The extra dimensions in protein sequence space open up indirect paths of adaptation and alleviate the constraint on the selective accessibility to high fitness genotypes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The genetic landscape of a physical interaction

    Guillaume Diss, Ben Lehner
    First comprehensive analysis of how many different mutations combine within and between two genes to alter a molecular phenotype.