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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: a critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cooperative interactions facilitate stimulation of Rad51 by the Swi5-Sfr1 auxiliary factor complex

    Bilge Argunhan et al.
    The intrinsically disordered N-terminus of Sfr1 contains two Rad51 binding sites that facilitate Rad51 filament stabilization and ATPase stimulation by the Swi5-Sfr1 complex, leading to efficient Rad51-driven strand exchange.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stop codon context influences genome-wide stimulation of termination codon readthrough by aminoglycosides

    Jamie R Wangen, Rachel Green
    Ribosome profiling reveals genome-wide stimulation of stop codon readthrough by aminoglycosides that is influenced sequence context.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A model for focal seizure onset, propagation, evolution, and progression

    Jyun-you Liou et al.
    Usage-dependent inhibition breakdown and neural adaptation underpins the key spatiotemporal dynamics of human focal seizures.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial cell cycle control by citrate synthase independent of enzymatic activity

    Matthieu Bergé et al.
    A key enzyme of central energy metabolism, citrate synthase, regulates bacterial cell cycle progression at a very specific stage (S-phase) and independently of its enzymatic activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Coordinated hedgehog signaling induces new hair follicles in adult skin

    Xiaoyan Sun et al.
    Hedgehog-pathway activation in adjacent epithelial and stromal cells, but not in epithelial or stromal cells alone, enables the generation of functional de novo hair follicles in unwounded adult mouse skin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARL13B regulates Sonic hedgehog signaling from outside primary cilia

    Eduardo D Gigante et al.
    ARL13B regulates cell ciliation and cilia length from within cilia and Sonic hedgehog response from outside of cilia indicating the two processes can be spatially uncoupled.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The evolutionary plasticity of chromosome metabolism allows adaptation to constitutive DNA replication stress

    Marco Fumasoni, Andrew W Murray
    Evolutionary adaptation to a constitutive perturbation of DNA replication reveals that adaptive mutations in three conserved pathways interact to restore faithful chromosome replication and segregation.