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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid diversification associated with a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity

    Vladislav Susoy et al.
    Evolutionary novelty is promoted by a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity, but is enhanced by secondary fixation, which permits developmental character release and further morphological exploration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A dynamin 1-, dynamin 3- and clathrin-independent pathway of synaptic vesicle recycling mediated by bulk endocytosis

    Yumei Wu et al.
    Analysis of neurons that lack the two neuronal dynamins, dynamin 1 and 3, demonstrates a pathway of synaptic vesicle reformation that does not require these two dynamins or clathrin-dependent budding.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epsin deficiency impairs endocytosis by stalling the actin-dependent invagination of endocytic clathrin-coated pits

    Mirko Messa et al.
    Epsin has a key role in the coupling of actin to endocytic clathrin coated pits that is required for their maturation and helps capture SNAREs at endocytic clathrin coated pits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    SLC6A14, an amino acid transporter, modifies the primary CF defect in fluid secretion

    Saumel Ahmadi et al.
    Loss of an amino acid transporter and tissue depletion of nitric oxide worsens the intestinal function of CF mice, a finding that potentially explains variation in disease severity amongst CF individuals.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Matrix metalloproteinase 1 modulates invasive behavior of tracheal branches during entry into Drosophila flight muscles

    Julia Sauerwald et al.
    Tracheal-derived matrix metalloproteinase 1 activity sustains tracheal branch invasion into myotubes by modulating ECM properties and dynamic behavior of sprouting tip cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inter-individual differences in human brain structure and morphology link to variation in demographics and behavior

    Alberto Llera et al.
    Multi-modal structural data fusion questions the specificity of fMRI-behavior associations by providing strong evidence relating human brain structure to a wide range of behavioral measures previously associated to functional connectivity.